Digital Breast Tomosynthesis (DBT) is a modern 3D Computed Tomography X-ray technique for the early detection of breast tumors, which is receiving growing interest in the medical and scientific community. Since DBT performs incomplete sampling of data, the image reconstruction approaches based on iterative methods are preferable to the classical analytic techniques, such as the Filtered Back Projection algorithm, providing fewer artifacts. In this work, we consider a Model-Based Iterative Reconstruction (MBIR) method well suited to describe the DBT data acquisition process and to include prior information on the reconstructed image. We propose a gradient-based solver named Scaled Gradient Projection (SGP) for the solution of the constrained optimization problem arising in the considered MBIR method. Even if the SGP algorithm exhibits fast convergence, the time required on a serial computer for the reconstruction of a real DBT data set is too long for the clinical needs. In this paper we propose a parallel SGP version designed to perform the most expensive computations of each iteration on Graphics Processing Unit (GPU). We apply the proposed parallel approach on three different GPU boards, with computational performance comparable with that of the boards usually installed in commercial DBT systems. The numerical results show that the proposed GPU-based MBIR method provides accurate reconstructions in a time suitable for clinical trials.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Titolo:||GPU acceleration of a model-based iterative method for Digital Breast Tomosynthesis|
|Autore/i:||Cavicchioli, R.; Hu, J. C.; Loli Piccolomini, E.; Morotti, E.; Zanni, L.|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-56920-y|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000511420700008|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-85077597204|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||31913333|
|Citazione:||GPU acceleration of a model-based iterative method for Digital Breast Tomosynthesis / Cavicchioli, R.; Hu, J. C.; Loli Piccolomini, E.; Morotti, E.; Zanni, L.. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 10:1(2020), pp. 1-10.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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