Policosanols (PCs) are a mixture of long chain primary aliphatic alcohols mainly known for their ability to reduce cholesterol level. Due to this property, there is an increasing interest in the extraction process of these compounds. In this context, beeswax, a natural product produced by honey bees of the genus Apis, is a promising source for their extraction and purification. The present research work was aimed at the development of a new procedure for the extraction and purification of PCs from yellow beeswax by using microwave-assisted technology, which hitherto has never been applied to this mixture. The developed process comprises three main steps: 1) microwave-assisted trans-esterification; 2) microwave-assisted hydrolysis; 3) final purification by means of preparative liquid chromatography. The final step is responsible for the increased purity of PCs, thanks to the removal of undesired compounds, such as natural paraffins. The predominant alcohols investigated in this work are tetracosanol (C 24 OH), hexacosanol (C 26 OH), octacosanol (C 28 OH), triacontanol (C 30 OH) and dotriacontanol (C 32 OH). Compound identification was performed using GC-EI-MS, while GC-FID analysis was chosen for the quantification of the main fatty alcohols present in the product. This new method represents a useful tool for the production of PCs from beeswax to be used in pharmaceuticals and nutraceuticals for human use, feed and veterinary supplements.

A new strategy based on microwave-assisted technology for the extraction and purification of beeswax policosanols for pharmaceutical purposes and beyond / Venturelli, A.; Brighenti, V.; Mascolo, D.; Pellati, F.. - In: JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL AND BIOMEDICAL ANALYSIS. - ISSN 0731-7085. - 172:(2019), pp. 200-205. [10.1016/j.jpba.2019.04.015]

A new strategy based on microwave-assisted technology for the extraction and purification of beeswax policosanols for pharmaceutical purposes and beyond

Venturelli, A.;Brighenti, V.;Pellati, F.
2019

Abstract

Policosanols (PCs) are a mixture of long chain primary aliphatic alcohols mainly known for their ability to reduce cholesterol level. Due to this property, there is an increasing interest in the extraction process of these compounds. In this context, beeswax, a natural product produced by honey bees of the genus Apis, is a promising source for their extraction and purification. The present research work was aimed at the development of a new procedure for the extraction and purification of PCs from yellow beeswax by using microwave-assisted technology, which hitherto has never been applied to this mixture. The developed process comprises three main steps: 1) microwave-assisted trans-esterification; 2) microwave-assisted hydrolysis; 3) final purification by means of preparative liquid chromatography. The final step is responsible for the increased purity of PCs, thanks to the removal of undesired compounds, such as natural paraffins. The predominant alcohols investigated in this work are tetracosanol (C 24 OH), hexacosanol (C 26 OH), octacosanol (C 28 OH), triacontanol (C 30 OH) and dotriacontanol (C 32 OH). Compound identification was performed using GC-EI-MS, while GC-FID analysis was chosen for the quantification of the main fatty alcohols present in the product. This new method represents a useful tool for the production of PCs from beeswax to be used in pharmaceuticals and nutraceuticals for human use, feed and veterinary supplements.
2019
9-apr-2019
172
200
205
A new strategy based on microwave-assisted technology for the extraction and purification of beeswax policosanols for pharmaceutical purposes and beyond / Venturelli, A.; Brighenti, V.; Mascolo, D.; Pellati, F.. - In: JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL AND BIOMEDICAL ANALYSIS. - ISSN 0731-7085. - 172:(2019), pp. 200-205. [10.1016/j.jpba.2019.04.015]
Venturelli, A.; Brighenti, V.; Mascolo, D.; Pellati, F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1198305
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