Ligand design in metal chemistry is a fundamental step when pursuing compounds with specific reactivity. In this paper, the functionalization of the OH group in the lateral chain of the N-heterocyclic-carbene (NHC) ligand bound to a bis-carbonyl cyclopentadienone NHC ruthenium(0) complex allowed the decoration of five generations of poly(propyleneimine) (PPIs) dendrimers with up to 64 organometallic moieties. The coupling was achieved by employing carbonyldiimidazole and the formation of carbamate linkages between dendritic peripheral NH2 and lateral OH groups on ruthenium complexes. The synthetic procedure, chemical purification, and spectroscopic characterization of the five generations of dendrimers (3g1–5) are here described. The ruthenium-modified dendrimers were activated as catalysts in the transfer hydrogenation of the model compound 4-fluoroacetophenone in the presence of cerium ammonium nitrate as their mononuclear congeners. The catalytic activity, being similar for the five generations, shows a decrease if compared to mononuclear complexes. This detrimental effect might be ascribed to the –CH2 NH– functionalization, largely present in dendrimer skeleton and that can compete with the hydrogen transfer mechanism, but also partially to a dendritic effect caused by steric encumbrance.

Synthesis and reactivity of poly(propyleneimine) dendrimers functionalized with cyclopentadienone n-heterocyclic-carbene ruthenium(0) complexes / Cesari, C.; Conti, R.; Cingolani, A.; Zanotti, V.; Cassani, M. C.; Rigamonti, L.; Mazzoni, R.. - In: CATALYSTS. - ISSN 2073-4344. - 10:2(2020), pp. 1-11. [10.3390/catal10020264]

Synthesis and reactivity of poly(propyleneimine) dendrimers functionalized with cyclopentadienone n-heterocyclic-carbene ruthenium(0) complexes

Rigamonti L.;
2020

Abstract

Ligand design in metal chemistry is a fundamental step when pursuing compounds with specific reactivity. In this paper, the functionalization of the OH group in the lateral chain of the N-heterocyclic-carbene (NHC) ligand bound to a bis-carbonyl cyclopentadienone NHC ruthenium(0) complex allowed the decoration of five generations of poly(propyleneimine) (PPIs) dendrimers with up to 64 organometallic moieties. The coupling was achieved by employing carbonyldiimidazole and the formation of carbamate linkages between dendritic peripheral NH2 and lateral OH groups on ruthenium complexes. The synthetic procedure, chemical purification, and spectroscopic characterization of the five generations of dendrimers (3g1–5) are here described. The ruthenium-modified dendrimers were activated as catalysts in the transfer hydrogenation of the model compound 4-fluoroacetophenone in the presence of cerium ammonium nitrate as their mononuclear congeners. The catalytic activity, being similar for the five generations, shows a decrease if compared to mononuclear complexes. This detrimental effect might be ascribed to the –CH2 NH– functionalization, largely present in dendrimer skeleton and that can compete with the hydrogen transfer mechanism, but also partially to a dendritic effect caused by steric encumbrance.
19-feb-2020
10
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1
11
Synthesis and reactivity of poly(propyleneimine) dendrimers functionalized with cyclopentadienone n-heterocyclic-carbene ruthenium(0) complexes / Cesari, C.; Conti, R.; Cingolani, A.; Zanotti, V.; Cassani, M. C.; Rigamonti, L.; Mazzoni, R.. - In: CATALYSTS. - ISSN 2073-4344. - 10:2(2020), pp. 1-11. [10.3390/catal10020264]
Cesari, C.; Conti, R.; Cingolani, A.; Zanotti, V.; Cassani, M. C.; Rigamonti, L.; Mazzoni, R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1198101
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