Lattice materials represent one of the utmost applications of additive manufacturing. The promising synergy between additive processes and topology optimization finds full development in achieving components that comprise bulky and hollow areas, as well as intermediate zones. Yet, the potential to design innovative shapes can be hindered by technological limits. The article tackles the manufacturability by laser-based powder bed fusion (L-PBF) of aluminum-based lattice materials by varying the beam diameter and thus the relative density. The printing accuracy is evaluated against the distinctive building phenomena in L-PBF of metals. The main finding consists in identification of a feasibility window that can be used for development of lightweight industrial components. A relative density of 20% compared with fully solid material (aluminum alloy A357.0) is found as the lowest boundary for a 3-mm cell dimension for a body-centered cubic structure with struts along the cube edges (BCCXYZ) and built with the vertical edges parallel to the growth direction to account for the worst-case scenario. Lighter structures of this kind, even if theoretically compliant with technical specifications of the machine, result in unstable frameworks.

Technological Feasibility of Lattice Materials by Laser-Based Powder Bed Fusion of A357.0 / Sola, A.; Defanti, S.; Mantovani, S.; Merulla, A.; Denti, L.. - In: 3D PRINTING AND ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING. - ISSN 2329-7662. - 7:1(2020), pp. 1-7. [10.1089/3dp.2019.0119]

Technological Feasibility of Lattice Materials by Laser-Based Powder Bed Fusion of A357.0

Sola A.
;
Defanti S.;Mantovani S.;Merulla A.;Denti L.
2020

Abstract

Lattice materials represent one of the utmost applications of additive manufacturing. The promising synergy between additive processes and topology optimization finds full development in achieving components that comprise bulky and hollow areas, as well as intermediate zones. Yet, the potential to design innovative shapes can be hindered by technological limits. The article tackles the manufacturability by laser-based powder bed fusion (L-PBF) of aluminum-based lattice materials by varying the beam diameter and thus the relative density. The printing accuracy is evaluated against the distinctive building phenomena in L-PBF of metals. The main finding consists in identification of a feasibility window that can be used for development of lightweight industrial components. A relative density of 20% compared with fully solid material (aluminum alloy A357.0) is found as the lowest boundary for a 3-mm cell dimension for a body-centered cubic structure with struts along the cube edges (BCCXYZ) and built with the vertical edges parallel to the growth direction to account for the worst-case scenario. Lighter structures of this kind, even if theoretically compliant with technical specifications of the machine, result in unstable frameworks.
13-feb-2020
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Technological Feasibility of Lattice Materials by Laser-Based Powder Bed Fusion of A357.0 / Sola, A.; Defanti, S.; Mantovani, S.; Merulla, A.; Denti, L.. - In: 3D PRINTING AND ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING. - ISSN 2329-7662. - 7:1(2020), pp. 1-7. [10.1089/3dp.2019.0119]
Sola, A.; Defanti, S.; Mantovani, S.; Merulla, A.; Denti, L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1198009
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