Commercial gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonists differ by 1–2 amino acids and are used to inhibit gonadotropin production during assisted reproduction technologies (ART). In this study, potencies of three GnRH antagonists, Cetrorelix, Ganirelix and Teverelix, in inhibiting GnRH-mediated intracellular signaling, were compared in vitro. GnRH receptor (GnRHR)-transfected HEK293 and neuroblastoma-derived SH-SY5Y cell lines, as well as mouse pituitary LβT2 cells endogenously expressing the murine GnRHR, were treated with GnRH in the presence or absence of the antagonist. We evaluated intracellular calcium (Ca2+) and cAMP increases, cAMP-responsive element binding-protein (CREB) and extracellular-regulated kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) phosphorylation, β-catenin activation and mouse luteinizing-hormone β-encoding gene (Lhb) transcription by bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET), Western blotting, immunostaining and real-time PCR as appropriate. The kinetics of GnRH-induced Ca2+ rapid increase revealed dose-response accumulation with potency (EC50) of 23 nM in transfected HEK293 cells, transfected SH-SY5Y and LβT2 cells. Cetrorelix inhibited the 3 × EC50 GnRH-activated calcium signaling at concentrations of 1 nM–1 µM, demonstrating higher potency than Ganirelix and Teverelix,.

Gnrh antagonists produce differential modulation of the signaling pathways mediated by gnrh receptors / Sperduti, S.; Limoncella, S.; Lazzaretti, C.; Paradiso, E.; Riccetti, L.; Turchi, S.; Ferrigno, I.; Bertacchini, J.; Palumbo, C.; Poti, F.; Longobardi, S.; Millar, R. P.; Simoni, M.; Newton, C. L.; Casarini, L.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1661-6596. - 20:22(2019), pp. 5548-5566. [10.3390/ijms20225548]

Gnrh antagonists produce differential modulation of the signaling pathways mediated by gnrh receptors

Sperduti S.;Limoncella S.;Lazzaretti C.;Paradiso E.;Riccetti L.;Turchi S.;Ferrigno I.;Bertacchini J.;Palumbo C.;Poti F.;Simoni M.;Casarini L.
2019

Abstract

Commercial gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonists differ by 1–2 amino acids and are used to inhibit gonadotropin production during assisted reproduction technologies (ART). In this study, potencies of three GnRH antagonists, Cetrorelix, Ganirelix and Teverelix, in inhibiting GnRH-mediated intracellular signaling, were compared in vitro. GnRH receptor (GnRHR)-transfected HEK293 and neuroblastoma-derived SH-SY5Y cell lines, as well as mouse pituitary LβT2 cells endogenously expressing the murine GnRHR, were treated with GnRH in the presence or absence of the antagonist. We evaluated intracellular calcium (Ca2+) and cAMP increases, cAMP-responsive element binding-protein (CREB) and extracellular-regulated kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) phosphorylation, β-catenin activation and mouse luteinizing-hormone β-encoding gene (Lhb) transcription by bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET), Western blotting, immunostaining and real-time PCR as appropriate. The kinetics of GnRH-induced Ca2+ rapid increase revealed dose-response accumulation with potency (EC50) of 23 nM in transfected HEK293 cells, transfected SH-SY5Y and LβT2 cells. Cetrorelix inhibited the 3 × EC50 GnRH-activated calcium signaling at concentrations of 1 nM–1 µM, demonstrating higher potency than Ganirelix and Teverelix,.
20
22
5548
5566
Gnrh antagonists produce differential modulation of the signaling pathways mediated by gnrh receptors / Sperduti, S.; Limoncella, S.; Lazzaretti, C.; Paradiso, E.; Riccetti, L.; Turchi, S.; Ferrigno, I.; Bertacchini, J.; Palumbo, C.; Poti, F.; Longobardi, S.; Millar, R. P.; Simoni, M.; Newton, C. L.; Casarini, L.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1661-6596. - 20:22(2019), pp. 5548-5566. [10.3390/ijms20225548]
Sperduti, S.; Limoncella, S.; Lazzaretti, C.; Paradiso, E.; Riccetti, L.; Turchi, S.; Ferrigno, I.; Bertacchini, J.; Palumbo, C.; Poti, F.; Longobardi, S.; Millar, R. P.; Simoni, M.; Newton, C. L.; Casarini, L.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
2019 Sperduti et al - International Journal of Molecular Sciences.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Versione dell'editore (versione pubblicata)
Dimensione 2.35 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.35 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

Licenza Creative Commons
I metadati presenti in IRIS UNIMORE sono rilasciati con licenza Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal, mentre i file delle pubblicazioni sono rilasciati con licenza Attribuzione 4.0 Internazionale (CC BY 4.0), salvo diversa indicazione.
In caso di violazione di copyright, contattare Supporto Iris

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1190339
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 3
  • Scopus 6
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 7
social impact