Thanks to its simplicity and robustness, the models based on the eddy viscosity concept represent the most common procedure to introduce the effect of the unresolved scales in the equations of motion for the Large Eddy Simulation (LES) approach. Indeed, the subgrid scale (sgs) viscosity approach allows from an energetic point of view to respect the dissipative nature of turbulence.
On the eddy viscosity associated with the subgrid stresses / Cimarelli, A.; Abba, A.; Germano, M.. - 25:(2019), pp. 101-106. [10.1007/978-3-030-04915-7_14]