Mixing of buoyant streams is a phenomenon of relevance in many practical cases like pollutant emission in the atmosphere, discharges from marine outfalls and cooling of fuel rods in nuclear reactors to name a few. A canonical configuration for this class of flows consists in three buoyant jets at different temperatures vertically entering a pool from the bottom. This work reports a Direct Numerical Simulation study performed on the triple jet configuration. The Reynolds number based on the average jet centerline velocity and jet width is set to Re=5000 and mixed convection regime is established at a Richardson number, Ri=0.25. In order to represent flows occurring inside liquid metal fast reactors, the selected Prandtl number is Pr=0.031. Statistics computed show that in the first stages of development, the three jets undergo a strong interaction. In that same region the shedding of large-scale vortices is originated accompanied by low-frequency undulations. Further from the inlet, the three jets are observed to coalesce in a single, isothermal stream. The analysis of momentum fluxes clarifies the mutual entrainment mechanism behind coalescence, which is commonly known as Coandă effect. At distances larger than ten times the jet width the self-similar characteristics of single and isothermal planar jets are recovered. The flow configuration presented includes several peculiar features, namely buoyancy effects at low Prandtl number, interaction between jets and the presence of multiple shear layers. This leads to an irregular behaviour of the turbulent diffusivity of momentum and heat as well as the misalignment between the temperature gradient and turbulent heat flux. Therefore the flow can be considered very complex and might constitute a demanding test bench for the development and validation of turbulence models.

Direct Numerical Simulation of a buoyant triple jet at low-Prandtl number / Fregni, A.; Angeli, D.; Cimarelli, A.; Stalio, E.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER. - ISSN 0017-9310. - 143:(2019), pp. 118466-118478. [10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2019.118466]

Direct Numerical Simulation of a buoyant triple jet at low-Prandtl number

Fregni A.;Angeli D.;Cimarelli A.;Stalio E.
2019

Abstract

Mixing of buoyant streams is a phenomenon of relevance in many practical cases like pollutant emission in the atmosphere, discharges from marine outfalls and cooling of fuel rods in nuclear reactors to name a few. A canonical configuration for this class of flows consists in three buoyant jets at different temperatures vertically entering a pool from the bottom. This work reports a Direct Numerical Simulation study performed on the triple jet configuration. The Reynolds number based on the average jet centerline velocity and jet width is set to Re=5000 and mixed convection regime is established at a Richardson number, Ri=0.25. In order to represent flows occurring inside liquid metal fast reactors, the selected Prandtl number is Pr=0.031. Statistics computed show that in the first stages of development, the three jets undergo a strong interaction. In that same region the shedding of large-scale vortices is originated accompanied by low-frequency undulations. Further from the inlet, the three jets are observed to coalesce in a single, isothermal stream. The analysis of momentum fluxes clarifies the mutual entrainment mechanism behind coalescence, which is commonly known as Coandă effect. At distances larger than ten times the jet width the self-similar characteristics of single and isothermal planar jets are recovered. The flow configuration presented includes several peculiar features, namely buoyancy effects at low Prandtl number, interaction between jets and the presence of multiple shear layers. This leads to an irregular behaviour of the turbulent diffusivity of momentum and heat as well as the misalignment between the temperature gradient and turbulent heat flux. Therefore the flow can be considered very complex and might constitute a demanding test bench for the development and validation of turbulence models.
143
118466
118478
Direct Numerical Simulation of a buoyant triple jet at low-Prandtl number / Fregni, A.; Angeli, D.; Cimarelli, A.; Stalio, E.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER. - ISSN 0017-9310. - 143:(2019), pp. 118466-118478. [10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2019.118466]
Fregni, A.; Angeli, D.; Cimarelli, A.; Stalio, E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1188823
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