Fat tissue promotes cancer progression by increasing cell proliferation, cell survival and metastatic processes. Adipose tissue determines a dysregulation of several metabolic pathways by a continuous crosstalk between fat tissue and cancer cells. Moreover, influence of adipose tissue on cancer development depend on the type of fat too BMI cannot account for differences in fat distribution and cannot distinguish between adipose tissue and muscles Computed tomography (CT) imaging can be a useful tool for a directly measure of body fat distribution distinguishing among visceral, subcutaneous, internal fat tissue (mostly in the liver) and skeletal muscles mass. Patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy for early BC at the Modena Cancer Center from 2005 to 2017 we collected. According to BMI score, patients were categorized in two main classes: normal weight (BMI < 25) and overweight (BMI ≥ 25) (Table 1) Using Advance workstation (General Electric), software ADW server 3.2 or 4.7. we calculated body composition parameters (BCPs) from pre-treated CT scan images. BCPs considered are: subcutaneous fat area (SFA, cm2), visceral fat area (VFA, cm2), lumbar muscle cross-sectional area (LMCA, m2) and liver steatosis (L/S ratio) BMI score and BCPs value were correlated with pathological complete response (pCR) and survival outcomes. All analyses were performed using STATA 14 (StataCorp. 2015. Stata Statistical Software: Release 14. College Station, TX: StataCorp LP). pre-treatment CT scan imagine available for BCPs analysis 55% of the women had BMI < 25 versus 45% with BMI >25 Overweight was significantly associated with postmenopausal status, older age and hormonal receptor positive BC (Table 1) Menopausal status was associated with higher VFA, presence of fatty liver disease and obesity disease compared to pre-menopausal one (Table 2). No association between BMI classes and pCR was detected. High VFA and liver steatosis were negative predictive factors for pCR (pCR rate: 35% normal VFA vs 20% high VFA, no steatosis 32% vs steatosis 13%; p<0.05) ( Figure 1) Neither BMI classes nor BCPs significantly influenced overall survival and relapse free survival. The evaluation of BCPs is the best way to assess the real body composition Menopausal status is associated with higher VFA, presence of fatty liver disease and obesity disease Visceral adiposity as well as liver steatosis were negative predictive factors for pCR in BC patients treated with neoadijuvant chemotherapy .
Impact of body composition parameters on tumor response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in operable breast cancer patients / Palumbo, Patrizia; Draisci, Stefano; Barbolini, Monica; Nasso, Cecilia; Isca, Chrystel; Bocconi, Alessandro; Balduzzi, Sara; Pecchi, Annarita; Galetti, Silvia; Torricelli, Pietro; Piacentini, Federico; Moscetti, Luca; Cascinu, Stefano; Omarini, Claudia. - (2019). ((Intervento presentato al convegno XXI Congresso Nazionale AIOM tenutosi a ROMA nel 25-27.10.2019.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Titolo:||Impact of body composition parameters on tumor response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in operable breast cancer patients.|
|Autore/i:||Palumbo, Patrizia; Draisci, Stefano; Barbolini, Monica; Nasso, Cecilia; Isca, Chrystel; Bocconi, Alessandro; Balduzzi, Sara; Pecchi, Annarita; Galetti, Silvia; Torricelli, Pietro; Piacentini, Federico; Moscetti, Luca; Cascinu, Stefano; Omarini, Claudia|
|Nome del convegno:||XXI Congresso Nazionale AIOM|
|Data del convegno:||25-27.10.2019|
|Luogo del convegno:||ROMA|
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