Abstract BACKGROUND: In the rat, the single-pellet reaching task includes orienting, reaching, grasping and retracting movements. It has previously been described by notation techniques, high-speed video and cineradiographic recordings. Recently, high-definition cameras have been used to track paw and digit movements with DeepLabCut, a machine-learning algorithm for markerless estimation of paw position. NEW METHOD: Our new approach consists of positioning three high-speed infrared digital cameras to track the full motion of markers on the rat's body. This provided a previously unavailable 3D recording of skilled reaching kinematics in the rat moving freely in the reaching box, which were analysed by Qualisys Track Manager software and MATLAB. RESULTS: This method enabled description of kinematic parameters unobtainable without motion tracking and provided insight into the spatiotemporal metrics of movements used to perform skilled reaching. It revealed that orientation features three steps and reaching has two bimodal start-point distributions, one along the horizontal axis and one along the vertical axis. At the end of reaching, the wrist/paw occupies the same position as the nose at the end of orienting. In grasping, averaging trajectories confirmed the marker lowering and target approaching. COMPARISON WITH EXISTING METHODS: Our method required significantly reduced time to label data and obviates the need for off-line manual marking of videos. It provides an efficient means of capturing volumes containing the entire range of marker movements. CONCLUSIONS: This study validated a new and efficient approach for quantifying rat movement kinematics, useful for comparing preclinical and clinical conditions.

A kinematic study of skilled reaching movement in rat / Parmiani, Pierantonio; Lucchetti, Cristina; Bonifazzi, Claudio; Franchi, Gianfranco. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE METHODS. - ISSN 0165-0270. - 328:(2019), pp. 1-13. [10.1016/j.jneumeth.2019.108404]

A kinematic study of skilled reaching movement in rat

Cristina Lucchetti
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
2019-01-01

Abstract

Abstract BACKGROUND: In the rat, the single-pellet reaching task includes orienting, reaching, grasping and retracting movements. It has previously been described by notation techniques, high-speed video and cineradiographic recordings. Recently, high-definition cameras have been used to track paw and digit movements with DeepLabCut, a machine-learning algorithm for markerless estimation of paw position. NEW METHOD: Our new approach consists of positioning three high-speed infrared digital cameras to track the full motion of markers on the rat's body. This provided a previously unavailable 3D recording of skilled reaching kinematics in the rat moving freely in the reaching box, which were analysed by Qualisys Track Manager software and MATLAB. RESULTS: This method enabled description of kinematic parameters unobtainable without motion tracking and provided insight into the spatiotemporal metrics of movements used to perform skilled reaching. It revealed that orientation features three steps and reaching has two bimodal start-point distributions, one along the horizontal axis and one along the vertical axis. At the end of reaching, the wrist/paw occupies the same position as the nose at the end of orienting. In grasping, averaging trajectories confirmed the marker lowering and target approaching. COMPARISON WITH EXISTING METHODS: Our method required significantly reduced time to label data and obviates the need for off-line manual marking of videos. It provides an efficient means of capturing volumes containing the entire range of marker movements. CONCLUSIONS: This study validated a new and efficient approach for quantifying rat movement kinematics, useful for comparing preclinical and clinical conditions.
21-ago-2019
328
1
13
A kinematic study of skilled reaching movement in rat / Parmiani, Pierantonio; Lucchetti, Cristina; Bonifazzi, Claudio; Franchi, Gianfranco. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE METHODS. - ISSN 0165-0270. - 328:(2019), pp. 1-13. [10.1016/j.jneumeth.2019.108404]
Parmiani, Pierantonio; Lucchetti, Cristina; Bonifazzi, Claudio; Franchi, Gianfranco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1182206
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