The pioneer transcription factor NF-Y is a heterotrimer composed by NF-YA, -YB and -YC subunits: NF-YA is the limiting subunit and harbors the DNA CCAAT-box binding domain. NF-Y is a master transcriptional regulator that ensures proper cell proliferation, controlling cell cycle, DNA replication, apoptosis and metabolism. Recent analyses pointed out that NF-Y binding site is over-represented in promoters of genes overexpressed during the progression from benign epithelium to Prostate Cancer (PC). Moreover, cell cycle regulation genes have emerged as a signature that can discriminate between metastatic and benign prostate tissues. The analysis of TCGA-RNAseq data highlighted a slight but significant increase of NF-YA levels in PC tumor vs normal tissues, particularly in high Gleason score specimens. Since the NF-YA gene encodes for two splice isoforms, NF-YAl (long) and NF-YAs (short), we generated untransformed and cancer prostate cell lines stably over-expressing NF-YA isoforms, to dissect the functional role of NF-YA in PC development and progression. Our data indicate that NF-YAl and NF-YAs could play different activities in cancer-associated processes, such as clonogenic ability, anchorage-independent growth, 3D cell growth, migration and invasion. In particular, in cancer cells NF-YAl improves invasion ability, while NF-YAs seems to enhance the proliferation of tumor spheroids. These results are consistent with increased NF-YAs/NF-YAl splice ratio observed in the progression from normal to malignant prostatectomy samples. Besides, normal prostate cell lines preferentially express the long NF-YA isoform, while an increase in NF-YAs/NF-YAl ratio can be observed in PC cell lines. These results prompt us to speculate that NF-YAl could participate to metastatization, while NF-YAs could have a major role in tumor growth and colonization. Disclosing this dualism could be crucial to better stratify PC patients and identify new specific anti-cancer treatments.

Switch of NF-YA splice variants in prostate cancer development and progression / Belluti, Silvia; Semeghini, Valentina; Dolfini, Diletta; Rigillo, Giovanna; Imbriano, Carol. - (2019). ((Intervento presentato al convegno ABCD 2019 CONGRESS tenutosi a Bologna nel 19-21 settembre 2019.

Switch of NF-YA splice variants in prostate cancer development and progression

Silvia Belluti;Valentina Semeghini;Giovanna Rigillo;Carol Imbriano
2019

Abstract

The pioneer transcription factor NF-Y is a heterotrimer composed by NF-YA, -YB and -YC subunits: NF-YA is the limiting subunit and harbors the DNA CCAAT-box binding domain. NF-Y is a master transcriptional regulator that ensures proper cell proliferation, controlling cell cycle, DNA replication, apoptosis and metabolism. Recent analyses pointed out that NF-Y binding site is over-represented in promoters of genes overexpressed during the progression from benign epithelium to Prostate Cancer (PC). Moreover, cell cycle regulation genes have emerged as a signature that can discriminate between metastatic and benign prostate tissues. The analysis of TCGA-RNAseq data highlighted a slight but significant increase of NF-YA levels in PC tumor vs normal tissues, particularly in high Gleason score specimens. Since the NF-YA gene encodes for two splice isoforms, NF-YAl (long) and NF-YAs (short), we generated untransformed and cancer prostate cell lines stably over-expressing NF-YA isoforms, to dissect the functional role of NF-YA in PC development and progression. Our data indicate that NF-YAl and NF-YAs could play different activities in cancer-associated processes, such as clonogenic ability, anchorage-independent growth, 3D cell growth, migration and invasion. In particular, in cancer cells NF-YAl improves invasion ability, while NF-YAs seems to enhance the proliferation of tumor spheroids. These results are consistent with increased NF-YAs/NF-YAl splice ratio observed in the progression from normal to malignant prostatectomy samples. Besides, normal prostate cell lines preferentially express the long NF-YA isoform, while an increase in NF-YAs/NF-YAl ratio can be observed in PC cell lines. These results prompt us to speculate that NF-YAl could participate to metastatization, while NF-YAs could have a major role in tumor growth and colonization. Disclosing this dualism could be crucial to better stratify PC patients and identify new specific anti-cancer treatments.
ABCD 2019 CONGRESS
Bologna
19-21 settembre 2019
Belluti, Silvia; Semeghini, Valentina; Dolfini, Diletta; Rigillo, Giovanna; Imbriano, Carol
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Belluti S. ABCD2019.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Abstract
Dimensione 658.16 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
658.16 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

Licenza Creative Commons
I metadati presenti in IRIS UNIMORE sono rilasciati con licenza Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal, mentre i file delle pubblicazioni sono rilasciati con licenza Attribuzione 4.0 Internazionale (CC BY 4.0), salvo diversa indicazione.
In caso di violazione di copyright, contattare Supporto Iris

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1182101
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact