AIM: To compare the mechanical properties and metallurgic features of new and used Reciproc Blue and Reciproc instruments. METHODOLOGY: A total of 120 R25Reciproc Blue and R25 Reciproc instruments were used. The morphological, chemical, mechanical, thermal and phase composition characteristics of new and ex vivo used files were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), focused ions beam analysis (FIB), micro-Raman spectroscopy, optical and SEM metallography, X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and indentation tests. Usage-induce degradation was evaluated. Ten new and ten used instruments per type were run until fracture occurred in a stainless-steel artificial canal (60° angle of curvature, 4-mm radius). Time to fracture and the length of the fractured fragment were recorded. Torque and angle of rotation at failure of ten new and ten used instruments for each type were measured according to ISO 3630-1. The fracture surface of each fragment was examined. Analyses of variance and Bonferroni post hoc tests were used to analyse the data statistically (α-level 0.05). RESULTS: SEM analysis revealed microcracks near the tip on both files after ex vivo usage tests. FIB imaging and micro-Raman spectroscopy confirmed the presence of an oxide layer on the Reciproc Blue surface. There was no thinning of the coating after use. The area of grains of Reciproc detected by metallographic analysis was significantly wider than Reciproc Blue (P<0.05). XRD revealed a reduction of martensite and R-phase in Reciproc Blue after use. DSC analysis revealed different transformation temperatures for the instruments analysed. Reciproc Blue was significantly more flexible than Reciproc for both new and used samples (P<0.05) and they were significantly more resistant to cyclic fatigue than Reciproc (P<0.05). Ex vivo usage reduced the fatigue resistance of both files. Torsional resistance of Reciproc and Reciproc blue was not reduced by the simulated use (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The thermal treatment of Reciproc Blue produced a finer structure with smaller grains than Reciproc, which increased its fracture resistance and was also responsible for its reduced hardness and lower elastic modulus. Both files were safe during ex vivo usage in severely curved canals

Mechanical properties and metallurgical features of new and ex vivo used reciproc blue and reciproc / Generali, L; Puddu, P; Borghi, A; Brancolini, S; Lusvarghi, L; Bolelli, G; Consolo, U; Pedullà, E. - In: INTERNATIONAL ENDODONTIC JOURNAL. - ISSN 0143-2885. - 53:(2020), pp. 250-264. [10.1111/iej.13214]

Mechanical properties and metallurgical features of new and ex vivo used reciproc blue and reciproc

Generali L;Puddu P;Borghi A;Lusvarghi L;Bolelli G;Consolo U;
2020-01-01

Abstract

AIM: To compare the mechanical properties and metallurgic features of new and used Reciproc Blue and Reciproc instruments. METHODOLOGY: A total of 120 R25Reciproc Blue and R25 Reciproc instruments were used. The morphological, chemical, mechanical, thermal and phase composition characteristics of new and ex vivo used files were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), focused ions beam analysis (FIB), micro-Raman spectroscopy, optical and SEM metallography, X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and indentation tests. Usage-induce degradation was evaluated. Ten new and ten used instruments per type were run until fracture occurred in a stainless-steel artificial canal (60° angle of curvature, 4-mm radius). Time to fracture and the length of the fractured fragment were recorded. Torque and angle of rotation at failure of ten new and ten used instruments for each type were measured according to ISO 3630-1. The fracture surface of each fragment was examined. Analyses of variance and Bonferroni post hoc tests were used to analyse the data statistically (α-level 0.05). RESULTS: SEM analysis revealed microcracks near the tip on both files after ex vivo usage tests. FIB imaging and micro-Raman spectroscopy confirmed the presence of an oxide layer on the Reciproc Blue surface. There was no thinning of the coating after use. The area of grains of Reciproc detected by metallographic analysis was significantly wider than Reciproc Blue (P<0.05). XRD revealed a reduction of martensite and R-phase in Reciproc Blue after use. DSC analysis revealed different transformation temperatures for the instruments analysed. Reciproc Blue was significantly more flexible than Reciproc for both new and used samples (P<0.05) and they were significantly more resistant to cyclic fatigue than Reciproc (P<0.05). Ex vivo usage reduced the fatigue resistance of both files. Torsional resistance of Reciproc and Reciproc blue was not reduced by the simulated use (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The thermal treatment of Reciproc Blue produced a finer structure with smaller grains than Reciproc, which increased its fracture resistance and was also responsible for its reduced hardness and lower elastic modulus. Both files were safe during ex vivo usage in severely curved canals
27-set-2019
53
250
264
Mechanical properties and metallurgical features of new and ex vivo used reciproc blue and reciproc / Generali, L; Puddu, P; Borghi, A; Brancolini, S; Lusvarghi, L; Bolelli, G; Consolo, U; Pedullà, E. - In: INTERNATIONAL ENDODONTIC JOURNAL. - ISSN 0143-2885. - 53:(2020), pp. 250-264. [10.1111/iej.13214]
Generali, L; Puddu, P; Borghi, A; Brancolini, S; Lusvarghi, L; Bolelli, G; Consolo, U; Pedullà, E
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1180539
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