The history of fires in central-northern Italy in the past 7000 years assessed by means of microcarbons. The analysis of microcharcoals is useful for environmental palaeoecological reconstruction since it provides information on the complex relationships between fire, vegetation, climate and human activities. In this study, the first analyses of microcharcoals deposited in marine sediments are discussed. In the marine core RF93-30, from central Adriatic, the presence of microcharcoals is taken as evidence of fires occurring from the Po Plain to the central and eastern regions of Italy. Our results show five major fire events (related to high concentrations of microcharcoals) occurring from the mid-Holocene to Modern Age. The two oldest events occurred at ca. 6723 years cal BP (4773 BCE) and at ca. 5427 years cal BP (3477 BCE). The fire at ca. 6723 years cal BP (4773 BCE) took place in the coast near the point where the marine core RF93-30 was collected. In fact, the microcharcoals in this sediment are large-sized and some of them are >125 µm, giving evidence of a local fire. On the other hand, the fire at ca. 5427 years cal BP (3477 BCE) took place far from the coast because the fragments are small (20-50 µm). A third event was found at ca. 2240 years cal BP (290 BCE), and took place probably near the coast. Finally, fires are shown at ca. 117 years cal BP (1833 CE) and at ca. 96 cal BP (1854 CE), both occurring at a certain distance from the coast.
La storia degli incendi in Italia centro-settentrionale negli ultimi 7000 anni attraverso l’analisi dei microcarboni: il caso studio della carota marina RF93-30 / Terenziani, Rita; Furia, Elisa; Torri, Paola; Mercuri, Anna Maria. - In: ATTI DELLA SOCIETÀ DEI NATURALISTI E MATEMATICI DI MODENA. - ISSN 0365-7027. - (2016), pp. 261-268.