Purpose: Metronomic capecitabine (MC) is a well-tolerated systemic treatment showing promising results in one retrospective study, as second-line therapy after sorafenib failure, in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: 117 patients undergoing MC were compared to 112 patients, eligible for this treatment, but undergoing best supportive care (BSC) after sorafenib discontinuation for toxicity or HCC progression. The two groups were compared for demographic and clinical features. A multivariate regression analysis was conducted to detect independent prognostic factors. To balance confounding factors between the two groups, a propensity score model based on independent prognosticators (performance status, neoplastic thrombosis, causes of sorafenib discontinuation and pre-sorafenib treatment) was performed. Results: Patients undergoing MC showed better performance status, lower tumor burden, lower prevalence of portal vein thrombosis, and better cancer stage. Median (95% CI) post-sorafenib survival (PSS) was longer in MC than in BSC patients [9.5 (7.5–11.6) vs 5.0 (4.2–5.7) months (p < 0.001)]. Neoplastic thrombosis, cause of sorafenib discontinuation, pre-sorafenib treatment and MC were independent prognosticators. The benefit of capecitabine was confirmed in patients after matching with propensity score [PSS: 9.9 (6.8–12.9) vs. 5.8 (4.8–6.8) months, (p = 0.001)]. MC lowered the mortality risk by about 40%. MC achieved better results in patients who stopped sorafenib for adverse events than in those who progressed during it [PSS: 17.3 (10.5–24.1) vs. 7.8 (5.2–10.1) months, (p = 0.035)]. Treatment toxicity was low and easily manageable with dose modulation. Conclusions: MC may be an efficient and safe second-line systemic therapy for HCC patients who discontinued sorafenib for toxicity or tumor progression.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Titolo:||Metronomic capecitabine as second-line treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma after sorafenib discontinuation|
|Autore/i:||Trevisani, Franco; Brandi, Giovanni; Garuti, Francesca; Barbera, Maria Aurelia; Tortora, Raffaella; Casadei Gardini, Andrea; Granito, Alessandro; Tovoli, Francesco; De Lorenzo, Stefania; Inghilesi, Andrea Lorenzo; Foschi, Francesco Giuseppe; Bernardi, Mauro; Marra, Fabio; Sacco, Rodolfo; Di Costanzo, Giovan Giuseppe|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s00432-017-2556-6|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000424055100020|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-85038115440|
|Citazione:||Metronomic capecitabine as second-line treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma after sorafenib discontinuation / Trevisani, Franco; Brandi, Giovanni; Garuti, Francesca; Barbera, Maria Aurelia; Tortora, Raffaella; Casadei Gardini, Andrea; Granito, Alessandro; Tovoli, Francesco; De Lorenzo, Stefania; Inghilesi, Andrea Lorenzo; Foschi, Francesco Giuseppe; Bernardi, Mauro; Marra, Fabio; Sacco, Rodolfo; Di Costanzo, Giovan Giuseppe. - In: JOURNAL OF CANCER RESEARCH AND CLINICAL ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 0171-5216. - 144(2018), pp. 403-414.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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