A novel bioglass composition (BGMS10), containing strontium and magnesium and characterized by an ultra-high crystallization temperature, is here employed for the first time to produce different composites with the addition of specific amounts of hydroxyapatite. After an investigation of the samples’ bioactivity in vitro in a simulated body fluid solution (SBF) – according to a widely used protocol – the biocompatibility of the new materials was tested with respect to murine fibroblasts both by direct and indirect tests, in order to evaluate possible cytotoxic effects of the materials’ eluates. Although none of the samples were cytotoxic and their bioactivity in SBF increased with the increasing amount of the glass in the composite, thus showing the best performance in the case of pure BGMS10 glass, the findings of the biological investigation did not confirm those arising from the SBF assay. Surprisingly, while the composites with the lowest glass amount showed an enhanced biocompatibility in direct tests, on the contrary their biological responsiveness is typically lower in the indirect ones, based on filtered materials’ extracts. This fact could be ascribed to the high release of particulate from the composites, which are more porous than the glassy samples: in fact, such pronounced dissolution may affect both the cell viability and the absorbance readings used in the colorimetric assays. The pure BGMS10 glass showed the best biological response only in the cell proliferation test (which is an indirect contact test), being able to stimulate cell proliferation in particular after 24 h. For these reasons, when considering bioactive glasses and bioglass-based composites, the results of direct cell culture assays should be integrated with those obtained by indirect ones, while the findings regarding the in vitro bioactivity in SBF should be interpreted with great care.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Titolo:||SBF assays, direct and indirect cell culture tests to evaluate the biological performance of bioglasses and bioglass-based composites: Three paradigmatic cases|
|Autore/i:||Bellucci, Devis; Salvatori, Roberta; Anesi, Alexandre; Chiarini, Luigi; Cannillo, Valeria|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.msec.2018.12.006|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000456760700078|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-85057747983|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||30606588|
|Citazione:||SBF assays, direct and indirect cell culture tests to evaluate the biological performance of bioglasses and bioglass-based composites: Three paradigmatic cases / Bellucci, Devis; Salvatori, Roberta; Anesi, Alexandre; Chiarini, Luigi; Cannillo, Valeria. - In: MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING. C, BIOMIMETIC MATERIALS, SENSORS AND SYSTEMS. - ISSN 0928-4931. - 96(2019), pp. 757-764.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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