In an Electric Vehicle a galvanically insulated auxiliary power module of suitable power size is employed to interface the high-voltage main energy storage battery to the low voltage auxiliary loads. Such converter must be reliable, efficient and compact. Resonant converters have reached widespread application as they are characterized by high efficiency and low Electromagnetic Interference (EMI). Resonant converters are usually operated in Pulse Frequency Modulation (PFM) with fixed duty cycle. In case of high power applications characterized by wide output voltage regulation, Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) can be beneficially adopted to extend the continuous modulation operation at low output voltage / low output power. This work analyses drawbacks and critical aspects of use of PWM along with some modulation strategies able to minimize hard switching commutations in this operating condition. After a first analytical comparison, different PWM strategies are evaluated by means of numerical simulations and experimentally assessed. A Quasi-Resonant control is proposed and assessed by means of simulation, resulting in an effective solution to hard switching commutation.

Critical Aspects of Hybrid PFM-PWM Operation in LLC Converters For Electric Vehicles / Fornari, R; Migliazza, G; Lorenzani, E; Immovilli, F. - (2018). ((Intervento presentato al convegno ESARS-ITEC 2018 tenutosi a Nottingham (UK) nel November 7th-9th, 2018 [10.1109/ESARS-ITEC.2018.8607763].

Critical Aspects of Hybrid PFM-PWM Operation in LLC Converters For Electric Vehicles

Fornari, R;Migliazza, G;Lorenzani, E;Immovilli, F
2018

Abstract

In an Electric Vehicle a galvanically insulated auxiliary power module of suitable power size is employed to interface the high-voltage main energy storage battery to the low voltage auxiliary loads. Such converter must be reliable, efficient and compact. Resonant converters have reached widespread application as they are characterized by high efficiency and low Electromagnetic Interference (EMI). Resonant converters are usually operated in Pulse Frequency Modulation (PFM) with fixed duty cycle. In case of high power applications characterized by wide output voltage regulation, Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) can be beneficially adopted to extend the continuous modulation operation at low output voltage / low output power. This work analyses drawbacks and critical aspects of use of PWM along with some modulation strategies able to minimize hard switching commutations in this operating condition. After a first analytical comparison, different PWM strategies are evaluated by means of numerical simulations and experimentally assessed. A Quasi-Resonant control is proposed and assessed by means of simulation, resulting in an effective solution to hard switching commutation.
2018
ESARS-ITEC 2018
Nottingham (UK)
November 7th-9th, 2018
Fornari, R; Migliazza, G; Lorenzani, E; Immovilli, F
Critical Aspects of Hybrid PFM-PWM Operation in LLC Converters For Electric Vehicles / Fornari, R; Migliazza, G; Lorenzani, E; Immovilli, F. - (2018). ((Intervento presentato al convegno ESARS-ITEC 2018 tenutosi a Nottingham (UK) nel November 7th-9th, 2018 [10.1109/ESARS-ITEC.2018.8607763].
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1173960
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