Purpose: Stereotactic Ablative Body Radiotherapy (SABR) is a non-invasive therapy option for inoperable liver oligometastases. Outcome and toxicity were retrospectively evaluated in a single-institution patient cohort who had undergone ultrasound-guided breath-hold SABR. Patients and methods: 19 patients with liver metastases of various primary tumors consecutively treated with SABR (image-guidance with stereotactic ultrasound in combination with computer-controlled breath-hold) were analysed regarding overall-survival (OS), progression-free-survival (PFS), progression pattern, local control (LC), acute and late toxicity. Results: PTV (planning target volume)-size was 108 +/- 109cm(3) (median 67.4 cm(3)). BED2 (Biologically effective dose in 2 Gy fraction) was 83.3 +/- 26.2 Gy (median 78 Gy). Median follow-up and median OS were 12 months. Actuarial 2-year-OS-rate was 31%. Median PFS was 4 months, actuarial 1-year-PFS-rate was 20%. Site of first progression was predominantly distant. Regression of irradiated lesions was observed in 84% (median time to detection of regression was 2 months). Actuarial 6-month-LC-rate was 92%, 1- and 2-years-LC-rate 57%, respectively. BED2 influenced LC. When a cut-off of BED2 = 78 Gy was used, the higher BED2 values resulted in improved local control with a statistical trend to significance (p = 0.0999). Larger PTV-sizes, inversely correlated with applied dose, resulted in lower local control, also with a trend to significance (p-value = 0.08) when a volume cut-off of 67 cm(3) was used. No local relapse was observed at PTV-sizes < 67 cm(3) and BED2 > 78 Gy. No acute clinical toxicity > degrees 2 was observed. Late toxicity was also <= degrees 2 with the exception of one gastrointestinal bleeding-episode 1 year post-SABR. A statistically significant elevation in the acute phase was observed for alkaline-phosphatase; in the chronic phase for alkaline-phosphatase, bilirubine, cholinesterase and C-reactive protein. Conclusions: A trend to statistically significant correlation of local progression was observed for BED2 and PTV-size. Dose-levels BED2 > 78 Gy cannot be reached in large lesions constituting a significant fraction of this series. Image-guided SABR (igSABR) is therefore an effective non-invasive treatment modality with low toxicity in patients with small inoperable liver metastases.

Hypofractionated image-guided breath-hold SABR (Stereotactic Ablative Body Radiotherapy) of liver metastases - clinical results / Boda-Heggemann, J; Dinter, D; Weiss, C; Frauenfeld, A; Siebenlist, K; Attenberger, U; Ottstadt, M; Schneider, F; Hofheinz, Rd; Wenz, F; Lohr, F. - In: RADIATION ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 1748-717X. - 7:(2012), pp. 1-9. [10.1186/1748-717X-7-92]

Hypofractionated image-guided breath-hold SABR (Stereotactic Ablative Body Radiotherapy) of liver metastases - clinical results

Lohr F
2012

Abstract

Purpose: Stereotactic Ablative Body Radiotherapy (SABR) is a non-invasive therapy option for inoperable liver oligometastases. Outcome and toxicity were retrospectively evaluated in a single-institution patient cohort who had undergone ultrasound-guided breath-hold SABR. Patients and methods: 19 patients with liver metastases of various primary tumors consecutively treated with SABR (image-guidance with stereotactic ultrasound in combination with computer-controlled breath-hold) were analysed regarding overall-survival (OS), progression-free-survival (PFS), progression pattern, local control (LC), acute and late toxicity. Results: PTV (planning target volume)-size was 108 +/- 109cm(3) (median 67.4 cm(3)). BED2 (Biologically effective dose in 2 Gy fraction) was 83.3 +/- 26.2 Gy (median 78 Gy). Median follow-up and median OS were 12 months. Actuarial 2-year-OS-rate was 31%. Median PFS was 4 months, actuarial 1-year-PFS-rate was 20%. Site of first progression was predominantly distant. Regression of irradiated lesions was observed in 84% (median time to detection of regression was 2 months). Actuarial 6-month-LC-rate was 92%, 1- and 2-years-LC-rate 57%, respectively. BED2 influenced LC. When a cut-off of BED2 = 78 Gy was used, the higher BED2 values resulted in improved local control with a statistical trend to significance (p = 0.0999). Larger PTV-sizes, inversely correlated with applied dose, resulted in lower local control, also with a trend to significance (p-value = 0.08) when a volume cut-off of 67 cm(3) was used. No local relapse was observed at PTV-sizes < 67 cm(3) and BED2 > 78 Gy. No acute clinical toxicity > degrees 2 was observed. Late toxicity was also <= degrees 2 with the exception of one gastrointestinal bleeding-episode 1 year post-SABR. A statistically significant elevation in the acute phase was observed for alkaline-phosphatase; in the chronic phase for alkaline-phosphatase, bilirubine, cholinesterase and C-reactive protein. Conclusions: A trend to statistically significant correlation of local progression was observed for BED2 and PTV-size. Dose-levels BED2 > 78 Gy cannot be reached in large lesions constituting a significant fraction of this series. Image-guided SABR (igSABR) is therefore an effective non-invasive treatment modality with low toxicity in patients with small inoperable liver metastases.
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Hypofractionated image-guided breath-hold SABR (Stereotactic Ablative Body Radiotherapy) of liver metastases - clinical results / Boda-Heggemann, J; Dinter, D; Weiss, C; Frauenfeld, A; Siebenlist, K; Attenberger, U; Ottstadt, M; Schneider, F; Hofheinz, Rd; Wenz, F; Lohr, F. - In: RADIATION ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 1748-717X. - 7:(2012), pp. 1-9. [10.1186/1748-717X-7-92]
Boda-Heggemann, J; Dinter, D; Weiss, C; Frauenfeld, A; Siebenlist, K; Attenberger, U; Ottstadt, M; Schneider, F; Hofheinz, Rd; Wenz, F; Lohr, F
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1172457
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