Adjuvant radiochemotherapy (RCHT) improves survival of patients with locally advanced gastric cancer. Conventional three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) results in ablative doses to a significant amount of the left kidney, while image-guided intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IG-IMRT) provides excellent target coverage with improved kidney sparing. Few long-term results on IMRT for gastric cancer, however, have been published. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) at 3.0 T including blood oxygenation-level dependent (BOLD) imaging, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and, for the first time, Na-23 imaging was used to evaluate renal status after radiotherapy with 3D-CRT or IG-IMRT. Four disease-free patients (2 after 3D-CRT and 2 after IMRT; FU for all patients > 5 years) were included in this feasibility study. Morphological sequences, axial DWI images, 2D-gradient echo (GRE)-BOLD images, and Na-23 images were acquired. Mean values/standard deviations for (Na-23), the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), and R2* values were calculated for the upper/middle/lower parts of both kidneys. Corticomedullary Na-23-concentration gradients were determined. Surprisingly, IG-IMRT patients showed no morphological alterations and no statistically significant differences of ADC and R2* values in all renal parts. Values for mean corticomedullary Na-23-concentration matched those for healthy volunteers. Results were similar in 3D-CRT patients, except for the cranial part of the left kidney. This was atrophic and presented significantly reduced functional parameters (p = 0.001-p = 0.033). Reduced ADC values indicated reduced cell density and reduced extracellular space. Cortical and medullary R2* values of the left cranial kidney in the 3D-CRT group were higher, indicating more deoxygenated hemoglobin due to reduced blood flow/oxygenation. (Na-23) of the renal cranial parts in the 3D-CRT group was significantly reduced, while the expected corticomedullary Na-23-concentration gradient was partially conserved. Functional MRI can assess postradiotherapeutic renal changes. As expected, marked morphological/functional effects were observed in high-dose areas (3D-CRT), while, unexpectedly, no alteration in kidney function was observed in IG-IMRT patients, supporting the hypothesis that reducing total/fractional dose to the renal parenchyma by IMRT is clinically beneficial.

Assessment of renal function after conformal radiotherapy and intensity-modulated radiotherapy by functional H-1-MRI and (23) Na-MRI / Haneder, S; Michaely, Hj; Schoenberg, So; Konstandin, S; Schad, Lr; Siebenlist, K; Wertz, H; Wenz, F; Lohr, F; Boda-Heggemann, J. - In: STRAHLENTHERAPIE UND ONKOLOGIE. - ISSN 0179-7158. - 188:12(2012), pp. 1146-1152. [10.1007/s00066-012-0254-5]

Assessment of renal function after conformal radiotherapy and intensity-modulated radiotherapy by functional H-1-MRI and (23) Na-MRI

Lohr F;
2012

Abstract

Adjuvant radiochemotherapy (RCHT) improves survival of patients with locally advanced gastric cancer. Conventional three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) results in ablative doses to a significant amount of the left kidney, while image-guided intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IG-IMRT) provides excellent target coverage with improved kidney sparing. Few long-term results on IMRT for gastric cancer, however, have been published. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) at 3.0 T including blood oxygenation-level dependent (BOLD) imaging, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and, for the first time, Na-23 imaging was used to evaluate renal status after radiotherapy with 3D-CRT or IG-IMRT. Four disease-free patients (2 after 3D-CRT and 2 after IMRT; FU for all patients > 5 years) were included in this feasibility study. Morphological sequences, axial DWI images, 2D-gradient echo (GRE)-BOLD images, and Na-23 images were acquired. Mean values/standard deviations for (Na-23), the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), and R2* values were calculated for the upper/middle/lower parts of both kidneys. Corticomedullary Na-23-concentration gradients were determined. Surprisingly, IG-IMRT patients showed no morphological alterations and no statistically significant differences of ADC and R2* values in all renal parts. Values for mean corticomedullary Na-23-concentration matched those for healthy volunteers. Results were similar in 3D-CRT patients, except for the cranial part of the left kidney. This was atrophic and presented significantly reduced functional parameters (p = 0.001-p = 0.033). Reduced ADC values indicated reduced cell density and reduced extracellular space. Cortical and medullary R2* values of the left cranial kidney in the 3D-CRT group were higher, indicating more deoxygenated hemoglobin due to reduced blood flow/oxygenation. (Na-23) of the renal cranial parts in the 3D-CRT group was significantly reduced, while the expected corticomedullary Na-23-concentration gradient was partially conserved. Functional MRI can assess postradiotherapeutic renal changes. As expected, marked morphological/functional effects were observed in high-dose areas (3D-CRT), while, unexpectedly, no alteration in kidney function was observed in IG-IMRT patients, supporting the hypothesis that reducing total/fractional dose to the renal parenchyma by IMRT is clinically beneficial.
188
12
1146
1152
Assessment of renal function after conformal radiotherapy and intensity-modulated radiotherapy by functional H-1-MRI and (23) Na-MRI / Haneder, S; Michaely, Hj; Schoenberg, So; Konstandin, S; Schad, Lr; Siebenlist, K; Wertz, H; Wenz, F; Lohr, F; Boda-Heggemann, J. - In: STRAHLENTHERAPIE UND ONKOLOGIE. - ISSN 0179-7158. - 188:12(2012), pp. 1146-1152. [10.1007/s00066-012-0254-5]
Haneder, S; Michaely, Hj; Schoenberg, So; Konstandin, S; Schad, Lr; Siebenlist, K; Wertz, H; Wenz, F; Lohr, F; Boda-Heggemann, J
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1172444
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