The mining industry produces a huge quantity of sulphidic mine tailings, which cause several short- and long-term environmental problems when disposed by landfilling in impounding lakes. The possibility of immobilizing several heavy metals from gold mine tailings by reactive geopolymerization technique has been investigated in the present study. The chemical stability of geopolymers synthetized by the alkali activation of metakaolin and blast furnace slag and the addition of 40 to 50 wt% gold mine tailings is demonstrated. The geopolymers were cured at room temperature, and the effects of different Si/Al and Na/Al molar ratios and curing times were investigated. The inertization effectiveness was evaluated by means of leaching tests carried out according to standard EN 12457 after 7 and 28 days and after 18 months. The samples were immersed into the water for 1 day, and the leachable metals in the test solution were determined by ICP-OES. The results show that various elements (Cr, Cu, Ni, Zn and Mn) from gold mine tailings are able to immobilize almost completely by alkali activation with proper co-binder material. The immobilization efficiency were highly improved with longer curing period also for the problematic elements As, V, Sb and B.

Alkali activation as new option for gold mine tailings inertization / Kiventerä, J.; Lancellotti, I.; Catauro, M.; Poggetto, F. D.; Leonelli, C.; Illikainen, M. - In: JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION. - ISSN 1879-1786. - 187:(2018), pp. 76-84. [10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.03.182]

Alkali activation as new option for gold mine tailings inertization

Lancellotti I.;Leonelli C.;
2018

Abstract

The mining industry produces a huge quantity of sulphidic mine tailings, which cause several short- and long-term environmental problems when disposed by landfilling in impounding lakes. The possibility of immobilizing several heavy metals from gold mine tailings by reactive geopolymerization technique has been investigated in the present study. The chemical stability of geopolymers synthetized by the alkali activation of metakaolin and blast furnace slag and the addition of 40 to 50 wt% gold mine tailings is demonstrated. The geopolymers were cured at room temperature, and the effects of different Si/Al and Na/Al molar ratios and curing times were investigated. The inertization effectiveness was evaluated by means of leaching tests carried out according to standard EN 12457 after 7 and 28 days and after 18 months. The samples were immersed into the water for 1 day, and the leachable metals in the test solution were determined by ICP-OES. The results show that various elements (Cr, Cu, Ni, Zn and Mn) from gold mine tailings are able to immobilize almost completely by alkali activation with proper co-binder material. The immobilization efficiency were highly improved with longer curing period also for the problematic elements As, V, Sb and B.
2018
187
76
84
Alkali activation as new option for gold mine tailings inertization / Kiventerä, J.; Lancellotti, I.; Catauro, M.; Poggetto, F. D.; Leonelli, C.; Illikainen, M. - In: JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION. - ISSN 1879-1786. - 187:(2018), pp. 76-84. [10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.03.182]
Kiventerä, J.; Lancellotti, I.; Catauro, M.; Poggetto, F. D.; Leonelli, C.; Illikainen, M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1171566
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