This essay distinguishes two concepts of compassion at works in Kant’s ethics. Proximal compassion is a sort of emotional contagion, which interferes with our capacities for rational agency, while distal compassion is active and rational, and key to Kant’s account of duties of virtue. To highlight the respective roles of these two kinds of compassion, the essay centers on a contrast with two distinct models of compassion which are said to sharply depart from Kant. First, Iris Murdoch relates compassion to the appreciation of concrete individuals, objecting that Kant’s discussion of rational agency overlooks individuality, hence canceling the deep differences in moral visions and outlooks. Second, for Theodor W. Adorno, compassion targets the injured and broken lives of vulnerable others, objecting that Kant’s ethics overlooks the genuine moral value of compassion. The argument is that Murdoch’s critique misleads us in objecting to abstraction, while Adorno’s critique places compassion in the right perspective, that is, the perspective of the vulnerable. However, Adorno’s critique is also partly misplaced, insofar as vulnerability is a driving concern in Kant’s theory of practical reason. This argument builds upon recent scholarship to show that the criticisms presented above misdiagnose Kant’s failure to account for compassion as a morally valuable emotion as lack of attention to individual vulnerability. The conclusion is that despite overwhelming critiques, Kant provides us with a useful distinction between two kinds of compassion, which coheres with empirical psychology and succeeds in vindicating the different roles of compassion in moral reasoning.
Compassion and Practical Reason: the Prospective of the Vulnerable / Bagnoli, Carla. - (2018), pp. 125-145.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Titolo:||Compassion and Practical Reason: the Prospective of the Vulnerable|
|Titolo del libro:||THE MORAL PSYCHOLOGY OF COMPASSION|
|A cura di:||Carolyn Price and Justin Caouette|
|Editore:||Rowman and Littlefield International|
|Nazione editore:||STATI UNITI D'AMERICA|
|Citazione:||Compassion and Practical Reason: the Prospective of the Vulnerable / Bagnoli, Carla. - (2018), pp. 125-145.|
File in questo prodotto:
I documenti presenti in Iris Unimore sono rilasciati con licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione - Non commerciale - Non opere derivate 3.0 Italia, salvo diversa indicazione.
In caso di violazione di copyright, contattare Supporto Iris