As an alternative to WC-CoCr and Cr3C2-NiCr coatings for wear and corrosion protection, a TiC – 25 vol% (Fe-20 wt%Cr-5 wt%Al) powder, free from hazardous and/or supply-critical elements (Ni, Co, W), was produced by high-energy ball-milling and processed by High Velocity Oxygen-Fuel (HVOF) spraying, obtaining dense (<1 vol% porosity), hard (HIT > 12 GPa) layers with reasonably good deposition efficiency of ≈ 54%. Tribological testing revealed that the TiC-FeCrAl coatings are particularly promising for sliding contacts, as their ball-on-disc wear rates against an Al2O3 counterpart were lower than those of an HVOF-sprayed Cr3C2-NiCr reference, both at room temperature and at 400 °C, although they could not match the performance of WC-CoCr. At room temperature, brittle fracture along oxidized lamellar boundaries caused localized spallation, releasing debris in the contact region, but, in the incubation period before spallation cracks could propagate, remarkably low friction (≈0.27) was recorded. At 400 °C, spallation was largely suppressed by thermal softening, whilst coarser abrasive grooving became the dominant wear mechanism. TiC-FeCrAl coatings appeared less suited to high-stress abrasion, since extensive brittle fracture resulted in higher wear rates than HVOF-sprayed Cr3C2-NiCr, and to (acidic) corrosive environments. Electrochemical polarisation tests in 0.1 M HCl indeed revealed limited corrosion resistance of the FeCrAl matrix.
Properties of HVOF-sprayed TiC-FeCrAl coatings / Bolelli, Giovanni; Colella, Alberto; Lusvarghi, Luca; Puddu, Pietro; Rigon, Rinaldo; Sassatelli, Paolo; Testa, Veronica. - In: WEAR. - ISSN 0043-1648. - 418-419:(2019), pp. 36-51. [10.1016/j.wear.2018.11.002]