Pocket penetrometer measurements, though commonly listed as accessory components of core descriptions, are almost totally ignored in shallow subsurface stratigraphic analysis. In this study, we prove that, if properly calibrated with core data, pocket penetration tests may serve as a quick and inexpensive tool to enhance high-resolution (palaeosol-based) stratigraphy of unconsolidated, late Quaternary non-marine deposits. A palaeosol sequence, made up of 12 vertically stacked, weakly developed palaeosols (Inceptisols) dated to the last 40ky cal BP, is reconstructed from the subsurface of the southern Po Plain. The individual palaeosols exhibit flat to slightly undulating geometries and several of them can be tracked over distances of tens of km. They show substantially higher compressive strength coefficients than all other fine-grained, alluvial (floodplain) facies, being typified by distinctive penetration resistance, in the range of 3.5-5kg/cm<sup>2</sup>. Along the palaeosol profiles, A and Bk horizons demonstrate consistent difference in relative compressive strengths, the highest values being almost invariably observed at the A/Bk boundary. Palaeosols are rarely described in conventional stratigraphic logs, and just a small proportion of them is likely to be identified by geologists with no specific sedimentological training. Through core-log calibration techniques, we document that vertical profiles of penetration resistance measured in the field can be used as an efficient method for palaeosol identification, and thus may represent a strategy for predicting stratigraphic architecture from limited core descriptions or poor-quality field logs. This technique allows to optimize the contribution of all available stratigraphic information, expanding significantly the coverage of well-described, one-dimensional core data.

The value of pocket penetration tests for the high-resolution palaeosol stratigraphy of late Quaternary deposits / Amorosi, Alessandro; Bruno, Luigi; Campo, Bruno; Morelli, Agnese. - In: GEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. - ISSN 0072-1050. - STAMPA. - 50:5(2015), pp. 670-682. [10.1002/gj.2585]

The value of pocket penetration tests for the high-resolution palaeosol stratigraphy of late Quaternary deposits

Bruno Luigi;
2015

Abstract

Pocket penetrometer measurements, though commonly listed as accessory components of core descriptions, are almost totally ignored in shallow subsurface stratigraphic analysis. In this study, we prove that, if properly calibrated with core data, pocket penetration tests may serve as a quick and inexpensive tool to enhance high-resolution (palaeosol-based) stratigraphy of unconsolidated, late Quaternary non-marine deposits. A palaeosol sequence, made up of 12 vertically stacked, weakly developed palaeosols (Inceptisols) dated to the last 40ky cal BP, is reconstructed from the subsurface of the southern Po Plain. The individual palaeosols exhibit flat to slightly undulating geometries and several of them can be tracked over distances of tens of km. They show substantially higher compressive strength coefficients than all other fine-grained, alluvial (floodplain) facies, being typified by distinctive penetration resistance, in the range of 3.5-5kg/cm2. Along the palaeosol profiles, A and Bk horizons demonstrate consistent difference in relative compressive strengths, the highest values being almost invariably observed at the A/Bk boundary. Palaeosols are rarely described in conventional stratigraphic logs, and just a small proportion of them is likely to be identified by geologists with no specific sedimentological training. Through core-log calibration techniques, we document that vertical profiles of penetration resistance measured in the field can be used as an efficient method for palaeosol identification, and thus may represent a strategy for predicting stratigraphic architecture from limited core descriptions or poor-quality field logs. This technique allows to optimize the contribution of all available stratigraphic information, expanding significantly the coverage of well-described, one-dimensional core data.
50
5
670
682
The value of pocket penetration tests for the high-resolution palaeosol stratigraphy of late Quaternary deposits / Amorosi, Alessandro; Bruno, Luigi; Campo, Bruno; Morelli, Agnese. - In: GEOLOGICAL JOURNAL. - ISSN 0072-1050. - STAMPA. - 50:5(2015), pp. 670-682. [10.1002/gj.2585]
Amorosi, Alessandro; Bruno, Luigi; Campo, Bruno; Morelli, Agnese
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1169639
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