Background and purpose: Treatment options in primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS) are scarce and, with the exception of ocrelizumab, anti-inflammatory agents have failed to show efficacy in ameliorating disability progression. The aim of this study was to investigate a potential effect of anti-inflammatory disease-modifying treatment on disability outcomes in PPMS. Methods: Using MSBase, a large, international, observational database, we identified patients with PPMS who were either never treated or treated with a disease-modifying agent. Propensity score matching was used to select subpopulations with similar baseline characteristics. Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) outcomes were compared with an intention-to-treat and an as-treated approach in paired, pairwise-censored analyses. Results: Of the 1284 included patients, 533 were matched (treated, n = 195; untreated n = 338). Median on-study pairwise-censored follow-up was 3.4 years (quartiles 1.2–5.5). No difference in the hazard of experiencing 3-month confirmed EDSS progression events was observed between the groups [hazard ratio (HR), 1.0; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.6–1.7, P = 0.87]. We did not find significant differences in the hazards of confirmed EDSS improvement (HR, 1.0; 95% CI, 0.6–1.6, P = 0.91) or reaching a confirmed EDSS step ≥7 (HR, 1.1; 95% CI, 0.7–1.6, P = 0.69). Conclusion: Our pooled analysis of disease-modifying agents suggests that these therapies have no substantial effect on short- to medium-term disability outcomes in PPMS.

Anti-inflammatory disease-modifying treatment and disability progression in primary progressive multiple sclerosis: a cohort study / Lorscheider, J.; Kuhle, J.; Izquierdo, G.; Lugaresi, A.; Havrdova, E.; Horakova, D.; Hupperts, R.; Duquette, P.; Girard, M.; Prat, A.; Grand'Maison, F.; Grammond, P.; Sola, P.; Ferraro, D.; Trojano, M.; Ramo-Tello, C.; Lechner-Scott, J.; Pucci, E.; Solaro, C.; Slee, M.; Van Pesch, V.; Sanchez Menoyo, J. L.; van der Walt, A.; Butzkueven, H.; Kappos, L.; Kalincik, T.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY. - ISSN 1351-5101. - 26:2(2019), pp. 363-370. [10.1111/ene.13824]

Anti-inflammatory disease-modifying treatment and disability progression in primary progressive multiple sclerosis: a cohort study

Ferraro, D.;
2019

Abstract

Background and purpose: Treatment options in primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS) are scarce and, with the exception of ocrelizumab, anti-inflammatory agents have failed to show efficacy in ameliorating disability progression. The aim of this study was to investigate a potential effect of anti-inflammatory disease-modifying treatment on disability outcomes in PPMS. Methods: Using MSBase, a large, international, observational database, we identified patients with PPMS who were either never treated or treated with a disease-modifying agent. Propensity score matching was used to select subpopulations with similar baseline characteristics. Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) outcomes were compared with an intention-to-treat and an as-treated approach in paired, pairwise-censored analyses. Results: Of the 1284 included patients, 533 were matched (treated, n = 195; untreated n = 338). Median on-study pairwise-censored follow-up was 3.4 years (quartiles 1.2–5.5). No difference in the hazard of experiencing 3-month confirmed EDSS progression events was observed between the groups [hazard ratio (HR), 1.0; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.6–1.7, P = 0.87]. We did not find significant differences in the hazards of confirmed EDSS improvement (HR, 1.0; 95% CI, 0.6–1.6, P = 0.91) or reaching a confirmed EDSS step ≥7 (HR, 1.1; 95% CI, 0.7–1.6, P = 0.69). Conclusion: Our pooled analysis of disease-modifying agents suggests that these therapies have no substantial effect on short- to medium-term disability outcomes in PPMS.
9-ott-2018
26
2
363
370
Anti-inflammatory disease-modifying treatment and disability progression in primary progressive multiple sclerosis: a cohort study / Lorscheider, J.; Kuhle, J.; Izquierdo, G.; Lugaresi, A.; Havrdova, E.; Horakova, D.; Hupperts, R.; Duquette, P.; Girard, M.; Prat, A.; Grand'Maison, F.; Grammond, P.; Sola, P.; Ferraro, D.; Trojano, M.; Ramo-Tello, C.; Lechner-Scott, J.; Pucci, E.; Solaro, C.; Slee, M.; Van Pesch, V.; Sanchez Menoyo, J. L.; van der Walt, A.; Butzkueven, H.; Kappos, L.; Kalincik, T.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY. - ISSN 1351-5101. - 26:2(2019), pp. 363-370. [10.1111/ene.13824]
Lorscheider, J.; Kuhle, J.; Izquierdo, G.; Lugaresi, A.; Havrdova, E.; Horakova, D.; Hupperts, R.; Duquette, P.; Girard, M.; Prat, A.; Grand'Maison, F.; Grammond, P.; Sola, P.; Ferraro, D.; Trojano, M.; Ramo-Tello, C.; Lechner-Scott, J.; Pucci, E.; Solaro, C.; Slee, M.; Van Pesch, V.; Sanchez Menoyo, J. L.; van der Walt, A.; Butzkueven, H.; Kappos, L.; Kalincik, T.
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