One aim of the long-term care in survivors from acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) during childhood is to avoid or limit complications caused by aggressive therapeutic strategies. Areas covered: ALL survivors are a heterogeneous group according to therapeutic protocols. In the last decades, cranial radiotherapy (cRT) has been largely replaced by intrathecal chemotherapy (CT) with a reduction of endocrine sequelae. Published studies are generally difficult to be interpreted because patients were treated according to different risk-adapted protocols and results are conflicting. We perform this review on endocrine long-term effects in childhood ALL survivors focusing on studies published in the last decades. Articles were selected using the following terms (Mesh terms): 'acute lymphoblastic leukemia' AND 'survivors' AND 'childhood' AND 'growth/puberty/fertility/obesity/metabolic syndrome/bone'. Expert commentary: Most childhood ALL survivors treated with CT alone attain normal height and have adequate pubertal development. Despite recent protocols improvements, ALL survivors still develop long-term metabolic complications (overweight, obesity, and cardiovascular disease) especially the female gender and patients with an increased body mass index (BMI) at diagnosis. The aim of this review is to describe the state of the art on these topics. We should be able to anticipate, prevent, and treat endocrine long-term morbidities through a well-established follow-up strategy.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Titolo:||Long-term effects on growth, development, and metabolism of ALL treatment in childhood|
|Autore/i:||Bruzzi, Patrizia; Bigi, Elena; Predieri, Barbara; Bonvicini, Federico; Cenciarelli, Valentina; Felici, Francesca; Iughetti, Lorenzo|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1080/17446651.2019.1561271|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000470063300006|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-85060296207|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||30596296|
|Citazione:||Long-term effects on growth, development, and metabolism of ALL treatment in childhood / Bruzzi, Patrizia; Bigi, Elena; Predieri, Barbara; Bonvicini, Federico; Cenciarelli, Valentina; Felici, Francesca; Iughetti, Lorenzo. - In: EXPERT REVIEW OF ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM. - ISSN 1744-6651. - (2018), pp. 1-13-13.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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