We present a theorem which elucidates the connection between self-duality of Markov processes and representation theory of Lie algebras. In particular, we identify sufficient conditions such that the intertwining function between two representations of a certain Lie algebra is the self-duality function of a (Markov) operator. In concrete terms, the two representations are associated to two operators in interwining relation. The self-dual operator, which arise from an appropriate symmetric linear combination of them, is the generator of a Markov process. The theorem is applied to a series of examples, including Markov processes with a discrete state space (e.g. interacting particle systems) and Markov processes with continuous state space (e.g. diffusion processes). In the examples we use explicit representations of Lie algebras that are unitarily equivalent. As a consequence, in the discrete setting self-duality functions are given by orthogonal polynomials whereas in the continuous context they are Bessel functions.

Self-Duality of Markov Processes and Intertwining Functions / Franceschini, Chiara; Giardina', Cristian; Wolter, Groenevelt. - In: MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS, ANALYSIS AND GEOMETRY. - ISSN 1572-9656. - 21:4(2018), pp. ---. [10.1007/s11040-018-9289-x]

### Self-Duality of Markov Processes and Intertwining Functions

#### Abstract

We present a theorem which elucidates the connection between self-duality of Markov processes and representation theory of Lie algebras. In particular, we identify sufficient conditions such that the intertwining function between two representations of a certain Lie algebra is the self-duality function of a (Markov) operator. In concrete terms, the two representations are associated to two operators in interwining relation. The self-dual operator, which arise from an appropriate symmetric linear combination of them, is the generator of a Markov process. The theorem is applied to a series of examples, including Markov processes with a discrete state space (e.g. interacting particle systems) and Markov processes with continuous state space (e.g. diffusion processes). In the examples we use explicit representations of Lie algebras that are unitarily equivalent. As a consequence, in the discrete setting self-duality functions are given by orthogonal polynomials whereas in the continuous context they are Bessel functions.
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Self-Duality of Markov Processes and Intertwining Functions / Franceschini, Chiara; Giardina', Cristian; Wolter, Groenevelt. - In: MATHEMATICAL PHYSICS, ANALYSIS AND GEOMETRY. - ISSN 1572-9656. - 21:4(2018), pp. ---. [10.1007/s11040-018-9289-x]
Franceschini, Chiara; Giardina', Cristian; Wolter, Groenevelt
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: `http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1168780`
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