The presence of clinical peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is associated with an increased risk for adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease. However, there are few data regarding the impact of the presence and degree of the subclinical PAD on outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was to assess prospectively the grade of subclinical PAD in the setting of patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention for the prediction of intermediate- and long-term clinical outcomes. A total of 971 consecutive patients without histories of clinical PAD who under went primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction were included in a prospective follow-up. Subclinical PAD severity was blindly assessed on the basis of an ultrasound arterial morphologic classification defined with the assessment of wall carotid and femoral artery bifurcations. This classification included 4 increasing classes of subclinical carotid and femoral arterial wall lesions, and the total group was divided accordingly. Death and major cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events were evaluated. During a median follow-up period of 40 months, a total of 109 patients (11.2%) died, 9 (2.8%) in class I, 12 (3.1%) in class II, 37 (23.7%) in class III, and 51 (49.0%) in class IV (p <0.001). On multivariate analysis, mortality in class IV was sevenfold higher (hazard ratio [HR] 7.34, 95% confidence interval [CI] 3.3 to 16.33, p <0.001) compared to class I and was also increased in class III (HR 5.38, 95% CI 2.42 to 11.92, p <0.001). Similar results were obtained for major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events in class IV (HR 7.50, 95% confidence interval 5.36 to 10.50, p <0.0001), class III (HR 6.44, 95% CI 4.45 to 9.32, p <0.001), and class II (HR 1.73, 95% CI 1.23 to 2.43, p = 0.002). In conclusion, ultrasound arterial morphologic classification may be applied in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions who undergo primary percutaneous coronary intervention and can stratify patients for poor clinical outcomes during long-term follow-up. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Long term prognostic value of subclinical carotid and femoral arterial wall lesions in patients with ST-elevation-myocardial infarction having percutaneous coronary intervention / Monopoli, Daniel Enrique; Bertelli, Luca; Sgura, Fabio Alfredo; Politi, Luigi; Becirovic, Mirza; Iaccarino, Daniele; Lattanzi, Antonella; Rampino, Katia Clelia; Gorlato, Giulia; Menozzi, Mila; Modena, Maria Grazia; Zennaro, Romeo Giulietto; Rossi, Rosario. - In: THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 0002-9149. - 111:5(2013), pp. 649-656. [10.1016/j.amjcard.2012.11.014]

Long term prognostic value of subclinical carotid and femoral arterial wall lesions in patients with ST-elevation-myocardial infarction having percutaneous coronary intervention

Monopoli, Daniel Enrique;Politi, Luigi;Becirovic, Mirza;Iaccarino, Daniele;RAMPINO, Katia Clelia;Gorlato, Giulia;Menozzi, Mila;Modena, Maria Grazia;Rossi, Rosario
2013

Abstract

The presence of clinical peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is associated with an increased risk for adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease. However, there are few data regarding the impact of the presence and degree of the subclinical PAD on outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was to assess prospectively the grade of subclinical PAD in the setting of patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention for the prediction of intermediate- and long-term clinical outcomes. A total of 971 consecutive patients without histories of clinical PAD who under went primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction were included in a prospective follow-up. Subclinical PAD severity was blindly assessed on the basis of an ultrasound arterial morphologic classification defined with the assessment of wall carotid and femoral artery bifurcations. This classification included 4 increasing classes of subclinical carotid and femoral arterial wall lesions, and the total group was divided accordingly. Death and major cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events were evaluated. During a median follow-up period of 40 months, a total of 109 patients (11.2%) died, 9 (2.8%) in class I, 12 (3.1%) in class II, 37 (23.7%) in class III, and 51 (49.0%) in class IV (p <0.001). On multivariate analysis, mortality in class IV was sevenfold higher (hazard ratio [HR] 7.34, 95% confidence interval [CI] 3.3 to 16.33, p <0.001) compared to class I and was also increased in class III (HR 5.38, 95% CI 2.42 to 11.92, p <0.001). Similar results were obtained for major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events in class IV (HR 7.50, 95% confidence interval 5.36 to 10.50, p <0.0001), class III (HR 6.44, 95% CI 4.45 to 9.32, p <0.001), and class II (HR 1.73, 95% CI 1.23 to 2.43, p = 0.002). In conclusion, ultrasound arterial morphologic classification may be applied in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions who undergo primary percutaneous coronary intervention and can stratify patients for poor clinical outcomes during long-term follow-up. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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Long term prognostic value of subclinical carotid and femoral arterial wall lesions in patients with ST-elevation-myocardial infarction having percutaneous coronary intervention / Monopoli, Daniel Enrique; Bertelli, Luca; Sgura, Fabio Alfredo; Politi, Luigi; Becirovic, Mirza; Iaccarino, Daniele; Lattanzi, Antonella; Rampino, Katia Clelia; Gorlato, Giulia; Menozzi, Mila; Modena, Maria Grazia; Zennaro, Romeo Giulietto; Rossi, Rosario. - In: THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 0002-9149. - 111:5(2013), pp. 649-656. [10.1016/j.amjcard.2012.11.014]
Monopoli, Daniel Enrique; Bertelli, Luca; Sgura, Fabio Alfredo; Politi, Luigi; Becirovic, Mirza; Iaccarino, Daniele; Lattanzi, Antonella; Rampino, Katia Clelia; Gorlato, Giulia; Menozzi, Mila; Modena, Maria Grazia; Zennaro, Romeo Giulietto; Rossi, Rosario
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1168499
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