International media has paid attention to the use of substances by healthy subjects to enhance cognitive performance. Medical students are liable to use cognitive enhancers (CE) with the aim of improving academic performance. The study explored use and attitudes toward the use of CE in Italian medical students. The authors anonymously surveyed 433 medical students of the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia with an ad hoc 36-items questionnaire. CE were broadly deﬁned as any substance taken with the purpose of improving cognitive functions, from readily available beverages and substances, such as coffee, tea, energy drinks, and supplements to prescription only medication, such as psychostimulants and modaﬁnil. Response rate was 83.8% (n = 363). While the majority of the students (74.7%; n = 271) said that they had used substances to improvecognitivefunctions,only2students(0.6%)reportedtheuseofprescription-onlymedications in the last 30 days. Main reasons for not taking prescription-only drugs were concerns about safety and side effects, reported by 83.3% of students (n = 295). A positive attitude toward use was held by 60.3% (n = 219) subjects. The surveyed Italian medical students used many substances as CE, but this did not seem to apply signiﬁcantly to psychostimulants. A multivariable analysis showed that the followingvariableswererelatedtothepropensitytousesubstancesasCE:malegender,self-reported memory impairment, concerns about worsening of cognitive performance, lifetime use of at least one illegal substance, use of any substance (both legal or illegal) in the last 30 days.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Titolo:||Use and Propensity to Use Substances as Cognitive Enhancers in Italian Medical Students|
|Autore/i:||Pighi, Marcella; Pontoni, Giancarlo; Sinisi, Arianna; Ferrari, Silvia; Mattei, Giorgio; Pingani, Luca; Simoni, Elena; Galeazzi, Gian Maria|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/brainsci8110197|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000451306300007|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-85057246179|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||30423911|
|Citazione:||Use and Propensity to Use Substances as Cognitive Enhancers in Italian Medical Students / Pighi, Marcella; Pontoni, Giancarlo; Sinisi, Arianna; Ferrari, Silvia; Mattei, Giorgio; Pingani, Luca; Simoni, Elena; Galeazzi, Gian Maria. - In: BRAIN SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3425. - 8:197(2018), pp. 1-9.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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