In the embedded systems domain, hypervisors are increasingly being adopted to guarantee timing isolation and appropriate hardware resource sharing among different software components. However, managing concurrent and parallel requests to shared hardware resources in a predictable way still represents an open issue. We argue that hypervisors can be an effective means to achieve an efficient and predictable arbitration of competing requests to shared devices in order to satisfy real-time requirements. As a representative example, we consider the case for mass storage (I/O) devices like Hard Disk Drives (HDD) and Solid State Disks (SSD), whose access times are orders of magnitude higher than those of central memory and CPU caches, therefore having a greater impact on overall task delays. We provide a comprehensive and up-to-date survey of the literature on I/O management within virtualized environments, focusing on software solutions proposed in the open source community, and discussing their main limitations in terms of realtime performance. Then, we discuss how the research in this subject may evolve in the future, highlighting the importance of techniques that are focused on scheduling not uniquely the processing bandwidth, but also the access to other important shared resources, like I/O devices.

A survey on shared disk I/O management in virtualized environments under real time constraints / Sanudo Olmedo, Ignacio; Cavicchioli, Roberto; Capodieci, Nicola; Valente, Paolo; Bertogna, Marko. - In: SIGBED REVIEW. - ISSN 1551-3688. - 15:1(2018), pp. 57-63. [10.1145/3199610.3199618]

A survey on shared disk I/O management in virtualized environments under real time constraints

Sanudo Olmedo, Ignacio;Roberto Cavicchioli;Nicola Capodieci;Paolo Valente;and Marko Bertogna
2018

Abstract

In the embedded systems domain, hypervisors are increasingly being adopted to guarantee timing isolation and appropriate hardware resource sharing among different software components. However, managing concurrent and parallel requests to shared hardware resources in a predictable way still represents an open issue. We argue that hypervisors can be an effective means to achieve an efficient and predictable arbitration of competing requests to shared devices in order to satisfy real-time requirements. As a representative example, we consider the case for mass storage (I/O) devices like Hard Disk Drives (HDD) and Solid State Disks (SSD), whose access times are orders of magnitude higher than those of central memory and CPU caches, therefore having a greater impact on overall task delays. We provide a comprehensive and up-to-date survey of the literature on I/O management within virtualized environments, focusing on software solutions proposed in the open source community, and discussing their main limitations in terms of realtime performance. Then, we discuss how the research in this subject may evolve in the future, highlighting the importance of techniques that are focused on scheduling not uniquely the processing bandwidth, but also the access to other important shared resources, like I/O devices.
mar-2018
15
1
57
63
A survey on shared disk I/O management in virtualized environments under real time constraints / Sanudo Olmedo, Ignacio; Cavicchioli, Roberto; Capodieci, Nicola; Valente, Paolo; Bertogna, Marko. - In: SIGBED REVIEW. - ISSN 1551-3688. - 15:1(2018), pp. 57-63. [10.1145/3199610.3199618]
Sanudo Olmedo, Ignacio; Cavicchioli, Roberto; Capodieci, Nicola; Valente, Paolo; Bertogna, Marko
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1167016
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