Human-centred design is based on the satisfaction of the user needs related to performances, aesthetics, reliability, usability, accessibility and visibility issues, costs, and many other aspects. The combination of all these aspects has been called as “perceived quality”, that is definitely a transdisciplinary topic. However, the “real” perceived quality is usually faithfully assessed only at the end of the design process, while it is very difficult to predict on 3D CAD model. In this context, digital manufacturing tools and virtual simulation technologies can be validly used according to a transdisciplinary approach to create interactive digital mock-ups where the human-system interaction can be simulated and the perceived quality assessed in advance. The paper proposes a mixed reality (MR) set-up where systems and humans interacting with them are digitalized and monitored to easily evaluate the human-machine interaction. It is useful to predict the design criticalities and to improve the global system design. An industrial case study has been developed in collaboration with CNH Industrial to demonstrate how the proposed set-up can be validly used to support human-centred design.
Digital Manufacturing and Virtual Reality for Tractors' Human-Centred Design / Grandi, Fabio; Peruzzini, Margherita; Zanni, Luca; Campanella Claudia, Elisabetta; Pellicciari, Marcello. - 7:(2018), pp. 702-711. (Intervento presentato al convegno 25th ISPE International Conference on Transdisciplinary Engineering 2018 tenutosi a UNIMORE University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, ita nel 2018) [10.3233/978-1-61499-898-3-702].