We present a critical appraisal of the role of subducted, medium (10–1000 km2) to giant (≥1000 km2) and heterogeneous, mud-rich mass transport deposits (MTDs) in seismic behavior and mechanisms of shallow earthquakes along subduction plate interfaces (or subduction channels) at convergent margins. Our observations from exhumed ancient subduction complexes around the world show that incorporation of mud-rich MTDs with a “chaotic” internal fabric (i.e., sedimentary mélanges or olistostromes) into subduction zones strongly modifies the structural architecture of a subduction plate interface and the physical properties of subducted material. The size and distribution of subducted MTDs with respect to the thickness of a subduction plate interface are critical factors influencing seismic behavior at convergent margins. Heterogeneous fabric and compositions of subducted MTDs may diminish the effectiveness of seismic ruptures considerably through the redistribution of overpressured fluids and accumulated strain. This phenomenon possibly favors the slow end-member of the spectrum of fault slip behavior (e.g., Slow Slip Events, Very Low Frequency Earthquakes, Non-Volcanic Tremors, creeping) compared to regular earthquakes, particularly in the shallow parts (T < 250 °C) of a subduction plate interface.

We present a critical appraisal of the role of subducted, medium (10–1000 km2) to giant (≥1000 km2) and heterogeneous, mud-rich mass transport deposits (MTDs) in seismic behavior and mechanisms of shallow earthquakes along subduction plate interfaces (or subduction channels) at convergent margins. Our observations from exhumed ancient subduction complexes around the world show that incorporation of mud-rich MTDs with a “chaotic” internal fabric (i.e., sedimentary mélanges or olistostromes) into subduction zones strongly modifies the structural architecture of a subduction plate interface and the physical properties of subducted material. The size and distribution of subducted MTDs with respect to the thickness of a subduction plate interface are critical factors influencing seismic behavior at convergent margins. Heterogeneous fabric and compositions of subducted MTDs may diminish the effectiveness of seismic ruptures considerably through the redistribution of overpressured fluids and accumulated strain. This phenomenon possibly favors the slow end-member of the spectrum of fault slip behavior (e.g., Slow Slip Events, Very Low Frequency Earthquakes, Non-Volcanic Tremors, creeping) compared to regular earthquakes, particularly in the shallow parts (T < 250 °C) of a subduction plate interface.

Does subduction of mass transport deposits (MTDs) control seismic behavior of shallow–level megathrusts at convergent margins? / Festa, Andrea; Dilek, Yildirim; Mittempergher, Silvia; Ogata, Kei; Pini, Gian Andrea; Remitti, Francesca. - In: GONDWANA RESEARCH. - ISSN 1342-937X. - 60:(2018), pp. 186-193. [10.1016/j.gr.2018.05.002]

Does subduction of mass transport deposits (MTDs) control seismic behavior of shallow–level megathrusts at convergent margins?

Mittempergher, Silvia;Remitti, Francesca
2018

Abstract

We present a critical appraisal of the role of subducted, medium (10–1000 km2) to giant (≥1000 km2) and heterogeneous, mud-rich mass transport deposits (MTDs) in seismic behavior and mechanisms of shallow earthquakes along subduction plate interfaces (or subduction channels) at convergent margins. Our observations from exhumed ancient subduction complexes around the world show that incorporation of mud-rich MTDs with a “chaotic” internal fabric (i.e., sedimentary mélanges or olistostromes) into subduction zones strongly modifies the structural architecture of a subduction plate interface and the physical properties of subducted material. The size and distribution of subducted MTDs with respect to the thickness of a subduction plate interface are critical factors influencing seismic behavior at convergent margins. Heterogeneous fabric and compositions of subducted MTDs may diminish the effectiveness of seismic ruptures considerably through the redistribution of overpressured fluids and accumulated strain. This phenomenon possibly favors the slow end-member of the spectrum of fault slip behavior (e.g., Slow Slip Events, Very Low Frequency Earthquakes, Non-Volcanic Tremors, creeping) compared to regular earthquakes, particularly in the shallow parts (T < 250 °C) of a subduction plate interface.
2018
60
186
193
Does subduction of mass transport deposits (MTDs) control seismic behavior of shallow–level megathrusts at convergent margins? / Festa, Andrea; Dilek, Yildirim; Mittempergher, Silvia; Ogata, Kei; Pini, Gian Andrea; Remitti, Francesca. - In: GONDWANA RESEARCH. - ISSN 1342-937X. - 60:(2018), pp. 186-193. [10.1016/j.gr.2018.05.002]
Festa, Andrea; Dilek, Yildirim; Mittempergher, Silvia; Ogata, Kei; Pini, Gian Andrea; Remitti, Francesca
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1161661
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