Background aims: Numerous cellular models have been developed to investigate calcification for regenerative medicine applications and for the identification of therapeutic targets in various complications associated with age-related diseases. However, results have often been contradictory due to specific culture conditions, cell type ontogeny and aging status. Human platelet lysate (hPL) has been recently investigated as valuable alternative to fetal bovine serum (FBS) in cell culture and bone regeneration. A parallel comparison of how all these multiple factors may converge to influence mineralization has yet to be reported. Methods: To compare mineralization of human mesenchymal cell types known to differ in extracellular matrix calcification potency, bone marrow–derived mesenchymal stromal cells and dermal fibroblasts from neonatal and adult donors, at both low and high passages, were investigated in an ex vivo experimental model by supplementing the osteogenic induction medium with FBS or with hPL. Four commercial hPL preparations were profiled by liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight spectrometry, and mineralization was visualized by von Kossa staining and quantified by morphometric evaluations after 9, 14 and 21 days of culture. Results: Data demonstrate that (i) commercial hPL preparations differ according to mass spectra profiles, (ii) hPL variously influences mineral deposition depending on cell line and possibly on platelet product preparation methods, (iii) donor age modifies mineral deposition in the presence of the same hPL and (iv) reduced in vitro proliferative capacity affects osteogenic induction and response to hPL. Conclusion: Despite the standardized procedures applied to obtain commercial hPL, this study highlights the divergent effects of different preparations and emphasizes the importance of cellular ontology, donor age and cell proliferative capacity to optimize the osteogenic induction capabilities of mesenchymal stromal cells and design more effective cell-based therapeutic protocols.

Mineralization by mesenchymal stromal cells is variously modulated depending on commercial platelet lysate preparations / Boraldi, Federica; Burns, Jorge S.; Bartolomeo, Angelica; Dominici, Massimo; Quaglino, Daniela. - In: CYTOTHERAPY. - ISSN 1465-3249. - 20:3(2018), pp. 335-342. [10.1016/j.jcyt.2017.11.011]

Mineralization by mesenchymal stromal cells is variously modulated depending on commercial platelet lysate preparations

Boraldi, Federica;Burns, Jorge S.;Bartolomeo, Angelica;Dominici, Massimo;Quaglino, Daniela
2018

Abstract

Background aims: Numerous cellular models have been developed to investigate calcification for regenerative medicine applications and for the identification of therapeutic targets in various complications associated with age-related diseases. However, results have often been contradictory due to specific culture conditions, cell type ontogeny and aging status. Human platelet lysate (hPL) has been recently investigated as valuable alternative to fetal bovine serum (FBS) in cell culture and bone regeneration. A parallel comparison of how all these multiple factors may converge to influence mineralization has yet to be reported. Methods: To compare mineralization of human mesenchymal cell types known to differ in extracellular matrix calcification potency, bone marrow–derived mesenchymal stromal cells and dermal fibroblasts from neonatal and adult donors, at both low and high passages, were investigated in an ex vivo experimental model by supplementing the osteogenic induction medium with FBS or with hPL. Four commercial hPL preparations were profiled by liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight spectrometry, and mineralization was visualized by von Kossa staining and quantified by morphometric evaluations after 9, 14 and 21 days of culture. Results: Data demonstrate that (i) commercial hPL preparations differ according to mass spectra profiles, (ii) hPL variously influences mineral deposition depending on cell line and possibly on platelet product preparation methods, (iii) donor age modifies mineral deposition in the presence of the same hPL and (iv) reduced in vitro proliferative capacity affects osteogenic induction and response to hPL. Conclusion: Despite the standardized procedures applied to obtain commercial hPL, this study highlights the divergent effects of different preparations and emphasizes the importance of cellular ontology, donor age and cell proliferative capacity to optimize the osteogenic induction capabilities of mesenchymal stromal cells and design more effective cell-based therapeutic protocols.
27-dic-2017
20
3
335
342
Mineralization by mesenchymal stromal cells is variously modulated depending on commercial platelet lysate preparations / Boraldi, Federica; Burns, Jorge S.; Bartolomeo, Angelica; Dominici, Massimo; Quaglino, Daniela. - In: CYTOTHERAPY. - ISSN 1465-3249. - 20:3(2018), pp. 335-342. [10.1016/j.jcyt.2017.11.011]
Boraldi, Federica; Burns, Jorge S.; Bartolomeo, Angelica; Dominici, Massimo; Quaglino, Daniela
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1160526
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