Controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) in in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles is the starting point from which couple's prognosis depends. Individualization in follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) starting dose and protocol used is based on ovarian response prediction, which depends on ovarian reserve. Anti-Müllerian hormone levels and the antral follicle count are considered the most accurate and reliable markers of ovarian reserve. A literature search was performed for studies that addressed the ability of ovarian reserve markers to predict poor and high ovarian response in assisted reproductive technology cycles. According to the predicted response to ovarian stimulation (poor- normal- or high- response), it is possible to counsel couples before treatment about the prognosis, and also to individualize ovarian stimulation protocols, choosing among GnRH-agonists or antagonists for endogenous FSH suppression, and the FSH starting dose in order to decrease the risk of cycle cancellation and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. In this review we discuss how to choose the best COS therapy, based on ovarian reserve markers, in order to enhance chances in IVF.

How to personalize ovarian stimulation in clinical practice / Sighinolfi, Giovanna; Grisendi, Valentina; La Marca, Antonio. - In: JOURNAL OF THE TURKISH-GERMAN GYNECOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION. - ISSN 1309-0399. - 18:3(2017), pp. 148-153. [10.4274/jtgga.2017.0058]

How to personalize ovarian stimulation in clinical practice

Sighinolfi, Giovanna;Grisendi, Valentina;La Marca, Antonio
2017

Abstract

Controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) in in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles is the starting point from which couple's prognosis depends. Individualization in follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) starting dose and protocol used is based on ovarian response prediction, which depends on ovarian reserve. Anti-Müllerian hormone levels and the antral follicle count are considered the most accurate and reliable markers of ovarian reserve. A literature search was performed for studies that addressed the ability of ovarian reserve markers to predict poor and high ovarian response in assisted reproductive technology cycles. According to the predicted response to ovarian stimulation (poor- normal- or high- response), it is possible to counsel couples before treatment about the prognosis, and also to individualize ovarian stimulation protocols, choosing among GnRH-agonists or antagonists for endogenous FSH suppression, and the FSH starting dose in order to decrease the risk of cycle cancellation and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. In this review we discuss how to choose the best COS therapy, based on ovarian reserve markers, in order to enhance chances in IVF.
2017
18
3
148
153
How to personalize ovarian stimulation in clinical practice / Sighinolfi, Giovanna; Grisendi, Valentina; La Marca, Antonio. - In: JOURNAL OF THE TURKISH-GERMAN GYNECOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION. - ISSN 1309-0399. - 18:3(2017), pp. 148-153. [10.4274/jtgga.2017.0058]
Sighinolfi, Giovanna; Grisendi, Valentina; La Marca, Antonio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1156216
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