Organic electronic transistors are rapidly emerging as ultrahigh sensitive label-free biosensors suited for point-of-care or in-field deployed applications. Most organic biosensors reported to date are based on immunorecognition between the relevant biomarkers and the immobilized antibodies, whose use is hindered by large dimensions, poor control of sequence, and relative instability. Here, an electrolyte-gated organic field effect transistor (EGOFET) biosensor where the recognition units are surface immobilized peptide aptamers (Affimer proteins) instead of antibodies is reported. Peptide aptasensor for the detection of the pro-inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) with a 1 × 10−12 M limit of detection is demonstrated. Ultralow sensitivity is met even in complex solutions such as cell culture media containing 10% serum, demonstrating the remarkable ligand specificity of the device. The device performances, together with the simple one-step immobilization strategy of the recognition moieties and the low operational voltages, all prompt EGOFET peptide aptasensors as candidates for early diagnostics and monitoring at the point-of-care.
EGOFET Peptide Aptasensor for Label-Free Detection of Inflammatory Cytokines in Complex Fluids / Berto, Marcello; Diacci, Chiara; D'Agata, Roberta; Pinti, Marcello; Bianchini, Elena; Lauro, Michele Di; Casalini, Stefano; Cossarizza, Andrea; Berggren, Magnus; Simon, Daniel; Spoto, Giuseppe; Biscarini, Fabio; Bortolotti, Carlo A.. - In: ADVANCED BIOSYSTEMS. - ISSN 2366-7478. - 2:2(2018), pp. 1700072-1700072. [10.1002/adbi.201700072]