Objective: Mutation carriers (Mut+) in DNA mismatch repair genes are predisposed to cancer of various organs and to adenomatous polyps; however, they may remain asymptomatic and cancer or polyp-free for several years. We purposed to analyse the clinical follow-up of individuals carrying constitutional mutations in the MLH1, MSH2 or MSH6 genes who were unaffected by benign polyps or malignant tumours at diagnosis. Material and Methods: Mut + subjects (n.81) were members of Lynch syndromes in whom mutations were detected between 1993 and 2015; all were asymptomatic at diagnosis. They were informed of the cancer risk and surveillance was suggested. As controls, 113 nongene carriers (Mut−) in the same Lynch families were identified. Results: About one-fourth of the mutation carriers developed polyps, mostly adenomas; polyps were less (12%, p <.05) in Mut − subjects, and hyperplastic lesions were the prevalent histology. More polyps were detected in MLH1 vs. MSH2 mutation carriers. In Mut+, 21 malignant tumours developed in 14 carriers vs. 4 tumours in 3 patients among Mut− (p <.001). Tumours were mostly of the Lynch spectrum; however, three glioblastomas were developed, together with neoplasms of various organs (duodenum, thyroid, skin, lung and cervix). Mean age of tumour occurrence was 43.0 years in Mut + vs. 53.0 among Mut−. Conclusions: Cancer developed more often in Mut+, with no consistent difference between MLH1 and MSH2 carriers. More polyps (mostly adenomas) were detected in MLH1 carriers. The majority (13 of 21) of malignant tumours occurred in organs for which there is no recommended surveillance, and were lethal in three patients.

Risk of colorectal polyps and of malignancies in asymptomatic carriers of mutations in the main DNA mismatch repair genes / Ponz de Leon, Maurizio; Pedroni, Monica; Pezzi, Annalisa; Sulce, Blerta; Roncucci, Luca; Domati, Federica; Rossi, Giuseppina; Reggiani Bonetti, Luca. - In: SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY. - ISSN 0036-5521. - 53:1(2018), pp. 31-37. [10.1080/00365521.2017.1386794]

Risk of colorectal polyps and of malignancies in asymptomatic carriers of mutations in the main DNA mismatch repair genes

Ponz de Leon, Maurizio;Pedroni, Monica;Roncucci, Luca;Domati, Federica;Rossi, Giuseppina;Reggiani Bonetti, Luca
2018

Abstract

Objective: Mutation carriers (Mut+) in DNA mismatch repair genes are predisposed to cancer of various organs and to adenomatous polyps; however, they may remain asymptomatic and cancer or polyp-free for several years. We purposed to analyse the clinical follow-up of individuals carrying constitutional mutations in the MLH1, MSH2 or MSH6 genes who were unaffected by benign polyps or malignant tumours at diagnosis. Material and Methods: Mut + subjects (n.81) were members of Lynch syndromes in whom mutations were detected between 1993 and 2015; all were asymptomatic at diagnosis. They were informed of the cancer risk and surveillance was suggested. As controls, 113 nongene carriers (Mut−) in the same Lynch families were identified. Results: About one-fourth of the mutation carriers developed polyps, mostly adenomas; polyps were less (12%, p <.05) in Mut − subjects, and hyperplastic lesions were the prevalent histology. More polyps were detected in MLH1 vs. MSH2 mutation carriers. In Mut+, 21 malignant tumours developed in 14 carriers vs. 4 tumours in 3 patients among Mut− (p <.001). Tumours were mostly of the Lynch spectrum; however, three glioblastomas were developed, together with neoplasms of various organs (duodenum, thyroid, skin, lung and cervix). Mean age of tumour occurrence was 43.0 years in Mut + vs. 53.0 among Mut−. Conclusions: Cancer developed more often in Mut+, with no consistent difference between MLH1 and MSH2 carriers. More polyps (mostly adenomas) were detected in MLH1 carriers. The majority (13 of 21) of malignant tumours occurred in organs for which there is no recommended surveillance, and were lethal in three patients.
12-ott-2017
53
1
31
37
Risk of colorectal polyps and of malignancies in asymptomatic carriers of mutations in the main DNA mismatch repair genes / Ponz de Leon, Maurizio; Pedroni, Monica; Pezzi, Annalisa; Sulce, Blerta; Roncucci, Luca; Domati, Federica; Rossi, Giuseppina; Reggiani Bonetti, Luca. - In: SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY. - ISSN 0036-5521. - 53:1(2018), pp. 31-37. [10.1080/00365521.2017.1386794]
Ponz de Leon, Maurizio; Pedroni, Monica; Pezzi, Annalisa; Sulce, Blerta; Roncucci, Luca; Domati, Federica; Rossi, Giuseppina; Reggiani Bonetti, Luca
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1154222
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