The impact of disease outbreaks on the phytosanitary quality of seeds was investigated for two pathosystems: tomato– Xanthomonas vesicatoria and pepper–Xanthomonas euvesicatoria. This study, which was performed in Italy and Serbia, aimed to evaluate the season-to-season transmission of phytopathogenic regulated bacteria associated with phytosanitary risks posed by seeds produced in areas where bacterial infections are possible. For each pathosystem, field plots were experimentally inoculated to simulate an initial infection rate of 1%, 5% and 15%. The area under the disease progress curve (AUDPC) was calculated for each field plot, the seeds produced were analysed to determine the contamination level and rate, and the plant-to-seed transmission was evaluated by a seedling grow-out (SGO) assay. To investigate transmission under field conditions, a second-year experiment was performed, wherein seeds collected from the first year were used to establish new field plots. During the first growing season, AUDPC values were positively correlated with the percentages of initial infection for each pathosystem. Seed contamination levels in pepper ranged from 34 to 100 CFU g 1, and the contamination rate ranged from 1.50% up to 3.17% for X. euvesicatoria, whereas processing and fresh market tomato seeds produced both in Italy and Serbia were not infected by X. vesicatoria. During SGO assays and the second cropping year, no symptoms were observed in either tomato or pepper plants. Therefore, the calculated pepper seed contamination rate for X. euvesicatoria appeared to be less than the threshold necessary to initiate a disease outbreak. Finally, all seeds obtained during the second cropping year were uninfected.

Impact of bacterial spot outbreaks on the phytosanitary quality of tomato and pepper seeds / Giovanardi, Davide; Biondi, Enrico; Ignjatov, Maja; Jevtic, Radivoje; Stefani, Emilio. - In: PLANT PATHOLOGY. - ISSN 1365-3059. - 67:5(2018), pp. 1168-1176. [10.1111/ppa.12839]

Impact of bacterial spot outbreaks on the phytosanitary quality of tomato and pepper seeds

Giovanardi, Davide;Stefani, Emilio
2018

Abstract

The impact of disease outbreaks on the phytosanitary quality of seeds was investigated for two pathosystems: tomato– Xanthomonas vesicatoria and pepper–Xanthomonas euvesicatoria. This study, which was performed in Italy and Serbia, aimed to evaluate the season-to-season transmission of phytopathogenic regulated bacteria associated with phytosanitary risks posed by seeds produced in areas where bacterial infections are possible. For each pathosystem, field plots were experimentally inoculated to simulate an initial infection rate of 1%, 5% and 15%. The area under the disease progress curve (AUDPC) was calculated for each field plot, the seeds produced were analysed to determine the contamination level and rate, and the plant-to-seed transmission was evaluated by a seedling grow-out (SGO) assay. To investigate transmission under field conditions, a second-year experiment was performed, wherein seeds collected from the first year were used to establish new field plots. During the first growing season, AUDPC values were positively correlated with the percentages of initial infection for each pathosystem. Seed contamination levels in pepper ranged from 34 to 100 CFU g 1, and the contamination rate ranged from 1.50% up to 3.17% for X. euvesicatoria, whereas processing and fresh market tomato seeds produced both in Italy and Serbia were not infected by X. vesicatoria. During SGO assays and the second cropping year, no symptoms were observed in either tomato or pepper plants. Therefore, the calculated pepper seed contamination rate for X. euvesicatoria appeared to be less than the threshold necessary to initiate a disease outbreak. Finally, all seeds obtained during the second cropping year were uninfected.
2018
23-feb-2018
67
5
1168
1176
Impact of bacterial spot outbreaks on the phytosanitary quality of tomato and pepper seeds / Giovanardi, Davide; Biondi, Enrico; Ignjatov, Maja; Jevtic, Radivoje; Stefani, Emilio. - In: PLANT PATHOLOGY. - ISSN 1365-3059. - 67:5(2018), pp. 1168-1176. [10.1111/ppa.12839]
Giovanardi, Davide; Biondi, Enrico; Ignjatov, Maja; Jevtic, Radivoje; Stefani, Emilio
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