Ferroportin Disease (FD) is an autosomal dominant hereditary iron loading disorder associated with heterozygote mutations of the fer-roportin-1 (FPN) gene. It represents one of the commonest causes of genetic hyperferritinemia, regardless of ethnicity. FPN1 transfers iron from the intestine, macrophages and placenta into the bloodstream. In FD, loss-of-function mutations of FPN1 limit but do not impair iron export in enterocytes, but they do severely affect iron transfer in macrophages. This leads to progressive and preferential iron trapping in tissue macrophages, reduced iron release to serum transferrin (i.e. inappropriately low transferrin saturation) and a tendency towards anemia at menarche or after intense bloodletting. The hallmark of FD is marked iron accumulation in hepatic Kupffer cells. Numerous FD-associated mutations have been reported worldwide, with a few occurring in different populations and some more commonly reported (e.g. Val192del, A77D, and G80S). FPN1 polymorphisms also represent the gene variants most commonly responsible for hyperferritinemia in Africans. Differential diagnosis includes mainly hereditary hemochromatosis, the syndrome commonly due to either HFE or TfR2, HJV, HAMP, and, in rare instances, FPN1 itself. Here, unlike FD, hyperferritinemia associates with high transferrin saturation, iron-spared macrophages, and progressive parenchymal cell iron load. Abdominal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the key non-invasive diagnostic tool for the diagnosis of FD, shows the characteristic iron loading SSL triad (spleen, spine and liver). A non-aggressive phlebotomy regimen is recommended, with careful monitoring of transferrin saturation and hemoglobin due to the risk of anemia. Family screening is mandatory since siblings and offspring have a 50% chance of carrying the pathogenic mutation.
Ferroportin disease: Pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment / Pietrangelo, Antonello. - In: HAEMATOLOGICA. - ISSN 0390-6078. - 102:12(2017), pp. 1972-1984.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Data di prima pubblicazione:||3-nov-2017|
|Titolo:||Ferroportin disease: Pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3324/haematol.2017.170720|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000416867100017|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-85037039358|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||29101207|
|Citazione:||Ferroportin disease: Pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment / Pietrangelo, Antonello. - In: HAEMATOLOGICA. - ISSN 0390-6078. - 102:12(2017), pp. 1972-1984.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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