Besides lowering circulating cholesterol, statins act as immunomodulators. Although the effects of statins on lymphocyte activation and differentiation have been clearly defined, there is no consensus as to effects of these drugs on phagocytes. We have addressed the outcome of simvastatin treatment on the activation and effector function of human macrophages in the pathophysiologically relevant context of challenge with an opportunistic pathogen. We provide evidence that: simvastatin blocks the biological effects rapidly triggered by IgG-opsonized bacteria (phagocytosis and oxidative burst) while enhancing the delayed effects elicited by FcγR stimulation (production of proinflammatory mediators); these opposite effects of simvastatin result from enhancement of the JNK pathway and concomitant impairment of other signaling modules activated by FcγR engagement; and these activities are dependent on the capacity of simvastatin to block protein prenylation. The results provide novel mechanistic insight into the activities of statins on phagocytes and are of relevance to the assessment of potential side-effects in patients undergoing long-term hypocholesterolemic therapy. © Society for Leukocyte Biology.

Opposite effects of simvastatin on the bactericidal and inflammatory response of macrophages to opsonized S. aureus / Benati, Daniela; Ferro, Micol; Savino, Maria Teresa; Ulivieri, Cristina; Schiavo, Ebe; Nuccitelli, Annalisa; Pasini, Franco Laghi; Baldari, Cosima T.. - In: JOURNAL OF LEUKOCYTE BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0741-5400. - 87:3(2010), pp. 433-442. [10.1189/jlb.0409273]

Opposite effects of simvastatin on the bactericidal and inflammatory response of macrophages to opsonized S. aureus

BENATI, DANIELA;
2010

Abstract

Besides lowering circulating cholesterol, statins act as immunomodulators. Although the effects of statins on lymphocyte activation and differentiation have been clearly defined, there is no consensus as to effects of these drugs on phagocytes. We have addressed the outcome of simvastatin treatment on the activation and effector function of human macrophages in the pathophysiologically relevant context of challenge with an opportunistic pathogen. We provide evidence that: simvastatin blocks the biological effects rapidly triggered by IgG-opsonized bacteria (phagocytosis and oxidative burst) while enhancing the delayed effects elicited by FcγR stimulation (production of proinflammatory mediators); these opposite effects of simvastatin result from enhancement of the JNK pathway and concomitant impairment of other signaling modules activated by FcγR engagement; and these activities are dependent on the capacity of simvastatin to block protein prenylation. The results provide novel mechanistic insight into the activities of statins on phagocytes and are of relevance to the assessment of potential side-effects in patients undergoing long-term hypocholesterolemic therapy. © Society for Leukocyte Biology.
2010
87
3
433
442
Opposite effects of simvastatin on the bactericidal and inflammatory response of macrophages to opsonized S. aureus / Benati, Daniela; Ferro, Micol; Savino, Maria Teresa; Ulivieri, Cristina; Schiavo, Ebe; Nuccitelli, Annalisa; Pasini, Franco Laghi; Baldari, Cosima T.. - In: JOURNAL OF LEUKOCYTE BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0741-5400. - 87:3(2010), pp. 433-442. [10.1189/jlb.0409273]
Benati, Daniela; Ferro, Micol; Savino, Maria Teresa; Ulivieri, Cristina; Schiavo, Ebe; Nuccitelli, Annalisa; Pasini, Franco Laghi; Baldari, Cosima T.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1153612
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