Symbiotic associations of metazoans with bacteria strongly influence animal biology since bacteria are ubiquitous and virtually no animal is completely free from them. Tardigrades are micrometazoans famous for their ability to undergo ametabolic states (cryptobiosis) but very little information is available on potential microbial associations.We characterized the microbiomes of six limnoterrestrial tardigrade species belonging to several phylogenetic lines in tandem with the microbiomes of their respective substrates. The experimental design enabled us to determine the effects of both the environment and the host genetic background on the tardigrade microbiome; we were able to define the microbial community of the same species sampled from different environments, and the communities of different species from the same environment. Our 16S rRNA gene amplicon approach indicated that the tardigrade microbiome is species-specific and well differentiated from the environment. Tardigrade species showed a much lower microbial diversity compared to their substrates, with only one significant exception. Forty-nine common OTUs (operational taxonomic units) were classified into six bacterial phyla, while four common OTUs were unclassified and probably represent novel bacterial taxa. Specifically, the tardigrade microbiome appears dominated by Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes. Some OTUs were shared between different species from geographically distant samples, suggesting the associated bacteria may be widespread. Putative endosymbionts of tardigrades from the order Rickettsiales were identified. Our results indicated that like all other animals, tardigrades have their own microbiota that is different among species, and its assembly is determined by host genotype and environmental influences.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2018|
|Titolo:||The Microbial Community of Tardigrades: Environmental Influence and Species Specificity of Microbiome Structure and Composition|
|Autore/i:||Vecchi, Matteo; Newton, Irene L. G.; Cesari, Michele; Rebecchi, Lorena; Guidetti, Roberto|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s00248-017-1134-4|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000439727300016|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-85041854338|
|Citazione:||The Microbial Community of Tardigrades: Environmental Influence and Species Specificity of Microbiome Structure and Composition / Vecchi, Matteo; Newton, Irene L. G.; Cesari, Michele; Rebecchi, Lorena; Guidetti, Roberto. - In: MICROBIAL ECOLOGY. - ISSN 0095-3628. - (2018), pp. 1-15.|
|Tipologia||Articolo su rivista|
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