Considering the widespread use of assisted reproductive techniques (ART), DNA methylation of specific genes involved in spermatogenesis achieves increasingly clinical relevance, representing a possible explanation of increased incidence of syndromes related to genomic imprinting in medically assisted pregnancies. Several trials suggested a relationship between male sub-fertility and sperm DNA methylation, although its weight on seminal parameters alteration is still a matter of debate. To evaluate whether aberrant sperm DNA methylation of imprinted genes is associated with impaired sperm parameters. Meta-analysis of controlled clinical trials evaluating imprinted genes sperm DNA methylation comparing men with idiopathic infertility to fertile controls. Twenty-four studies were included, allowing a meta-analytic evaluation for H19, MEST, SNRPN, and LINE-1. When a high heterogeneity of the results was demonstrated, the random effect model was used. H19 methylation levels resulted significantly lower in 879 infertile compared with 562 fertile men (7.53%, 95% CI: 5.14â9.93%, pÂ <Â 0.001), suggesting a 9.91-fold higher risk ratio to show aberrant sperm DNA methylation (95% CI: 5.55â17.70, pÂ <Â 0.001, I2=Â 19%) in infertile men. The mean MEST methylation level was significantly higher in 846 infertile compared with 353 fertile men (3.35%, 95% CI: 1.41â5.29%, pÂ <Â 0.001), as well as for SNRPN comparing 301 infertile men with 124 controls (3.23%, 95% CI: 0.75â5.72%, pÂ <Â 0.001). LINE-1 methylation levels did not differ between 291 infertile men and 198 controls (0.44%, 95% CI: â2.04â1.16%, pÂ =Â 0.63). The meta-analytic approach demonstrated that male infertility is associated with altered sperm methylation at H19, MEST, and SNRPN. Although its role in infertility remains unclear, sperm DNA methylation could be associated with the epigenetic risk in ART. In this setting, before proposing this analysis in clinical practice, an accurate identification of the most representative genes and a cost-effectiveness evaluation should be assessed in ad hoc prospective studies.
Attenzione! Scheda prodotto non ancora validata dall'Ateneo
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Titolo:||Impairment of sperm DNA methylation in male infertility: a meta-analytic study|
|Autori:||Santi, D.; De Vincentis, S.; Magnani, E.; Spaggiari, G.|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/andr.12379|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
File in questo prodotto:
I documenti presenti in Iris Unimore sono rilasciati con licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione - Non commerciale - Non opere derivate 3.0 Italia, salvo diversa indicazione.
In caso di violazione di copyright, contattare Supporto Iris