Native arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the favorite access for hemodialysis (HD). The National Kidney Foundation’s Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (KDOQI) recommends its creation in most patients with renal failure. Unfortunately, intensive efforts to promote native AVF in patients with marginal vessels have increased the rate of primary fistula failure. A non-functioning fistula prompts the use of central venous catheter (CVC) that, unlike AVF, has been associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality among patients receiving HD. We believe that successful and timely AVF placement relies on the development of a multidisciplinary integrated preoperative program divided into five stages: (i) management of patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD), (ii) management of preoperative risk factors for AVF failure, (iii) planning of native AVF, (iv) assessment of patient eligibility and (v) preoperative vascular mapping. Focusing specifically on native AVF, we review scientific evidence regarding preoperative management of this vascular access in order to favor construction of long-term functioning fistula minimizing development of severe complications.

Preoperative management of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) for hemodialysis / Alfano, Gaetano; Fontana, Francesco; Iannaccone, Mario; Noussan, Patrizia; Cappelli, Gianni. - In: JOURNAL OF VASCULAR ACCESS. - ISSN 1129-7298. - 18:6(2017), pp. 1-13. [10.5301/jva.5000771]

Preoperative management of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) for hemodialysis

Alfano, Gaetano;Fontana, Francesco;Cappelli, Gianni
2017

Abstract

Native arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the favorite access for hemodialysis (HD). The National Kidney Foundation’s Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (KDOQI) recommends its creation in most patients with renal failure. Unfortunately, intensive efforts to promote native AVF in patients with marginal vessels have increased the rate of primary fistula failure. A non-functioning fistula prompts the use of central venous catheter (CVC) that, unlike AVF, has been associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality among patients receiving HD. We believe that successful and timely AVF placement relies on the development of a multidisciplinary integrated preoperative program divided into five stages: (i) management of patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD), (ii) management of preoperative risk factors for AVF failure, (iii) planning of native AVF, (iv) assessment of patient eligibility and (v) preoperative vascular mapping. Focusing specifically on native AVF, we review scientific evidence regarding preoperative management of this vascular access in order to favor construction of long-term functioning fistula minimizing development of severe complications.
2017
11-ott-2017
18
6
1
13
Preoperative management of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) for hemodialysis / Alfano, Gaetano; Fontana, Francesco; Iannaccone, Mario; Noussan, Patrizia; Cappelli, Gianni. - In: JOURNAL OF VASCULAR ACCESS. - ISSN 1129-7298. - 18:6(2017), pp. 1-13. [10.5301/jva.5000771]
Alfano, Gaetano; Fontana, Francesco; Iannaccone, Mario; Noussan, Patrizia; Cappelli, Gianni
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1149550
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