Introduction: Gastric duplication is a rare congenital anomaly with an incidence of 4-8% of all gastrointestinal duplications; enteric duplications are ectopic cystic or tubular structures with a mucous and muscular tunics and they can be in contiguity/continuity with the intestinal lumen.1 Gastric duplication is often an occasional finding, associated to aspecific sintomatology for which pre-operative diagnosis is not univoque; differential diagnosis with other retroperitoneal diseases or mesenteric cysts can be difficult.1 (Run time 8min). Material and Methods: We present a case of a one-year-old child with a pre-natal ultrasound (US) finding of endo-abdominal cystic lesion. After birth, US scans showed an anechogenic-cyst of 33x28mm in the left upper quadrant, between stomach, spleen and kidney. The magnetic resonance confirmed the presence of the lesion (40x34mm), imprinting the posterior gastric wall, the spleen and the anterior side of left kidney. An esophagous-stomach-duodenum contrast study was also performed, showing the imprinting cyst on the great curvature close to the gastric fundus without communication with gastric lumen. On follow-up, the child underwent to periodic US scans and no growth or ultrasonographic changes were described. At 13-months, the diagnosis was still unclear and the patient underwent explorative laparoscopy with esophagous-gastric-duodenoscopy (EGDS). The preliminary EGDS showed a 35mm convexity on the posterior wall of gastric fundus with no evidence of orifice. A 5mm trans-umbilical trocar was placed and 5mm trocar in the epigastric region and 10-12mm trocar in the left side were positioned. At the abdominal exploration the cyst resulted to be in continuity with the posterior gastric wall on the superior third of the great curvature. The lesion was isolated from other tissues, but the postero-medial wall of neoformation appeared to be not dissociable and in continuity with the stomach; a complete resection of the cyst, using 45mm linear stapler, was performed including a small portion of the great gastric curvature. At the following intra-operative endoscopic control no more evidence of irregularity of the gastric wall was seen and the suture was assured. Results: The operative time was 140-minutes. No complications occurred and the blood loss was minimal. The patient started oral intake on 5’ post-operative-day and was discharged on 6’ post-operative-day. The histological examination confirmed the gastric nature of cyst. At 1-year of follow-up no recurrences were diagnosed and the child presents in good health with a regular growth. Conclusion: We can assume that laparoscopic surgery is the correct procedure for gastric duplication cysts, to get both definitive diagnosis and treatment, and the radical surgical excision represents the treatment of choice in order to avoid neoplastic degeneration of internal lining mucosa.2 Furthermore surgical laparoscopy appears to be a feasible and safe technique.
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|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Titolo:||Laparoscopic Treatment of Gastric Duplication in a Child|
|Autori:||Catellani, Barbara; Pecchini, Francesca; Sorrentino, Lorena; Cabry, Francesca;Biondini, Diego; Ceccarelli, Pier Luca; Gelmini, Roberta|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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