Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA) derives dietary reference values (DRVs) for vitamin K. In this Opinion, the Panel considers vitamin K to comprise both phylloquinone and menaquinones. The Panel considers that none of the biomarkers of vitamin K intake or status is suitable by itself to derive DRVs for vitamin K. Several health outcomes possibly associated with vitamin K intake were also considered but data could not be used to establish DRVs. The Panel considers that average requirements and population reference intakes for vitamin K cannot be derived for adults, infants and children, and therefore sets adequate intakes (AIs). The Panel considers that available evidence on occurrence, absorption, function and content in the body or organs of menaquinones is insufficient, and, therefore, sets AIs for phylloquinone only. Having assessed additional evidence available since 1993 in particular related to biomarkers, intake data and the factorial approach, which all are associated with considerable uncertainties, the Panel maintains the reference value proposed by the Scientific Committee for Food (SCF) in 1993. An AI of 1 mu g phylloquinone/kg body weight per day is set for all age and sex population groups. Considering the respective reference body weights, AIs for phylloquinone are set at 70 mu g/day for all adults including pregnant and lactating women, at 10 mu g/day for infants aged 7-11 months, and between 12 mu g/day for children aged 1-3 years and 65 mu g/day for children aged 15-17 years. (C) 2017 European Food Safety Authority. EFSA Journal published by John Wiley and Sons Ltd on behalf of European Food Safety Authority.

Dietary reference values for vitamin K / Turck, Dominique; Bresson, Jean‐louis; Burlingame, Barbara; Dean, Tara; Fairweather‐tait, Susan; Heinonen, Marina; Hirsch‐ernst, Karen Ildico; Mangelsdorf, Inge; Mcardle, Harry J; Naska, Androniki; Nowicka, Grażyna; Pentieva, Kristina; Sanz, Yolanda; Siani, Alfonso; Sjödin, Anders; Stern, Martin; Tomé, Daniel; Van Loveren, Henk; Vinceti, Marco; Willatts, Peter; Lamberg‐allardt, Christel; Przyrembel, Hildegard; Tetens, Inge; Dumas, Céline; Fabiani, Lucia; Ioannidou, Sofia; Neuhäuser‐berthold, Monika. - In: EFSA JOURNAL. - ISSN 1831-4732. - 15:5(2017), pp. 4780-4780. [10.2903/j.efsa.2017.4780]

Dietary reference values for vitamin K

VINCETI, Marco;
2017

Abstract

Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA) derives dietary reference values (DRVs) for vitamin K. In this Opinion, the Panel considers vitamin K to comprise both phylloquinone and menaquinones. The Panel considers that none of the biomarkers of vitamin K intake or status is suitable by itself to derive DRVs for vitamin K. Several health outcomes possibly associated with vitamin K intake were also considered but data could not be used to establish DRVs. The Panel considers that average requirements and population reference intakes for vitamin K cannot be derived for adults, infants and children, and therefore sets adequate intakes (AIs). The Panel considers that available evidence on occurrence, absorption, function and content in the body or organs of menaquinones is insufficient, and, therefore, sets AIs for phylloquinone only. Having assessed additional evidence available since 1993 in particular related to biomarkers, intake data and the factorial approach, which all are associated with considerable uncertainties, the Panel maintains the reference value proposed by the Scientific Committee for Food (SCF) in 1993. An AI of 1 mu g phylloquinone/kg body weight per day is set for all age and sex population groups. Considering the respective reference body weights, AIs for phylloquinone are set at 70 mu g/day for all adults including pregnant and lactating women, at 10 mu g/day for infants aged 7-11 months, and between 12 mu g/day for children aged 1-3 years and 65 mu g/day for children aged 15-17 years. (C) 2017 European Food Safety Authority. EFSA Journal published by John Wiley and Sons Ltd on behalf of European Food Safety Authority.
2017
15
5
4780
4780
Dietary reference values for vitamin K / Turck, Dominique; Bresson, Jean‐louis; Burlingame, Barbara; Dean, Tara; Fairweather‐tait, Susan; Heinonen, Marina; Hirsch‐ernst, Karen Ildico; Mangelsdorf, Inge; Mcardle, Harry J; Naska, Androniki; Nowicka, Grażyna; Pentieva, Kristina; Sanz, Yolanda; Siani, Alfonso; Sjödin, Anders; Stern, Martin; Tomé, Daniel; Van Loveren, Henk; Vinceti, Marco; Willatts, Peter; Lamberg‐allardt, Christel; Przyrembel, Hildegard; Tetens, Inge; Dumas, Céline; Fabiani, Lucia; Ioannidou, Sofia; Neuhäuser‐berthold, Monika. - In: EFSA JOURNAL. - ISSN 1831-4732. - 15:5(2017), pp. 4780-4780. [10.2903/j.efsa.2017.4780]
Turck, Dominique; Bresson, Jean‐louis; Burlingame, Barbara; Dean, Tara; Fairweather‐tait, Susan; Heinonen, Marina; Hirsch‐ernst, Karen Ildico; Mangels...espandi
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