Introduction Growing evidence has been collected over the complex, intertwined pathophysiological connection among subclinical cardiovascular (CV) disease, i.e. atherosclerosis, systemic low pro-inflammatory states and psychiatric disorders/symptomatology (anxiety, depression), with controversial results. Aim Aim of this study was to investigate the possible link between subclinical CV risk factors (atherosclerosis), depressive symptoms, and inflammation. Methods Cross-sectional study. Inclusion criteria: outpatients aged ≥40 years, attending colonoscopy after positive faecal occult blood test, negative medical history for cancer. Collected data: blood pressure, glycaemia, lipid profile, waist circumference, BMI, PCR (C reactive protein), LPS (bacterial lipopolysaccharide), ultrasound carotid intima-media thickness (c-IMT). Psychometric tests: HADS, TCI, IMSA, SF36. Statistical analysis performed with STATA13. Results The 54 patients enrolled were equally distributed by gender. CV risk factors were common in the study population, with 33 patients (61.11%) with hypertension, 14 (25.93%) with hyperglycaemia, 20 (37.4%) with hypertriglyceridemia, 19 (35.19%) with low HDL and 64.81% with overweight. High levels of PCR were found in 24 subjects (44.44%). Right c-IMT was increased in 26.41% of the sample, and 11.32% had an atheromatous plaque. Left c-IMT was increased in 24.53% of patients, with a plaque in 7.55% of them. Clinically relevant depressive symptoms were found in the 18.87% of the sample and were statistically significantly associated with PCR (OR = 28.63; P = 0.01). Conclusions Evidence contributing to the so-called “inflammation theory” of depression and supporting the association between mood and CV disorders was here collected, supporting the need for a multidisciplinary approach to the diagnosis and treatment of such conditions, assuming a clinically-translated PNEI (psycho-neuro-endocrino-immunological) perspective.

An Italian observational study on subclinical cardiovascular risk factors and depressive symptomatology. A suggestion for the potential utility of a sinergic cardio-psychiatric perspective / Tassi, S.; Rioli, Giulia; Mattei, Giorgio; Mancini, Stefano; Alboni, Silvia; Roncucci, Luca; Sena, Paola; Mariani, Francesco; Marchi, Mattia; Fabbrizi, Andrea; Feltri, L.; Visentini, Chiara; Pollutri, Gabriella; Artoni, Cecilia; Saraceni, Serena; Galli, Giacomo; Spiga, Giulia; Minarini, Alessandro; Perrone, Daniela; Galletti, Martina; Giambalvo, Nina; Montardi, Giulia; Galeazzi, Gian Maria; Ferrari, Silvia. - In: EUROPEAN PSYCHIATRY. - ISSN 0924-9338. - 41:(2017), pp. S318-S318. [10.1016/j.eurpsy.2017.02.235]

An Italian observational study on subclinical cardiovascular risk factors and depressive symptomatology. A suggestion for the potential utility of a sinergic cardio-psychiatric perspective

RIOLI, GIULIA;Mattei, Giorgio;MANCINI, Stefano;ALBONI, Silvia;RONCUCCI, Luca;SENA, Paola;MARIANI, Francesco;MARCHI, MATTIA;FABBRIZI, ANDREA;VISENTINI, CHIARA;Pollutri, Gabriella;Artoni, Cecilia;SARACENI, SERENA;Galli, Giacomo;Spiga, Giulia;MINARINI, ALESSANDRO;PERRONE, DANIELA;GALLETTI, MARTINA;GIAMBALVO, NINA;MONTARDI, GIULIA;GALEAZZI, Gian Maria;FERRARI, Silvia
2017-01-01

Abstract

Introduction Growing evidence has been collected over the complex, intertwined pathophysiological connection among subclinical cardiovascular (CV) disease, i.e. atherosclerosis, systemic low pro-inflammatory states and psychiatric disorders/symptomatology (anxiety, depression), with controversial results. Aim Aim of this study was to investigate the possible link between subclinical CV risk factors (atherosclerosis), depressive symptoms, and inflammation. Methods Cross-sectional study. Inclusion criteria: outpatients aged ≥40 years, attending colonoscopy after positive faecal occult blood test, negative medical history for cancer. Collected data: blood pressure, glycaemia, lipid profile, waist circumference, BMI, PCR (C reactive protein), LPS (bacterial lipopolysaccharide), ultrasound carotid intima-media thickness (c-IMT). Psychometric tests: HADS, TCI, IMSA, SF36. Statistical analysis performed with STATA13. Results The 54 patients enrolled were equally distributed by gender. CV risk factors were common in the study population, with 33 patients (61.11%) with hypertension, 14 (25.93%) with hyperglycaemia, 20 (37.4%) with hypertriglyceridemia, 19 (35.19%) with low HDL and 64.81% with overweight. High levels of PCR were found in 24 subjects (44.44%). Right c-IMT was increased in 26.41% of the sample, and 11.32% had an atheromatous plaque. Left c-IMT was increased in 24.53% of patients, with a plaque in 7.55% of them. Clinically relevant depressive symptoms were found in the 18.87% of the sample and were statistically significantly associated with PCR (OR = 28.63; P = 0.01). Conclusions Evidence contributing to the so-called “inflammation theory” of depression and supporting the association between mood and CV disorders was here collected, supporting the need for a multidisciplinary approach to the diagnosis and treatment of such conditions, assuming a clinically-translated PNEI (psycho-neuro-endocrino-immunological) perspective.
41
S318
S318
Tassi, S.; Rioli, Giulia; Mattei, Giorgio; Mancini, Stefano; Alboni, Silvia; Roncucci, Luca; Sena, Paola; Mariani, Francesco; Marchi, Mattia; Fabbrizi, Andrea; Feltri, L.; Visentini, Chiara; Pollutri, Gabriella; Artoni, Cecilia; Saraceni, Serena; Galli, Giacomo; Spiga, Giulia; Minarini, Alessandro; Perrone, Daniela; Galletti, Martina; Giambalvo, Nina; Montardi, Giulia; Galeazzi, Gian Maria; Ferrari, Silvia
An Italian observational study on subclinical cardiovascular risk factors and depressive symptomatology. A suggestion for the potential utility of a sinergic cardio-psychiatric perspective / Tassi, S.; Rioli, Giulia; Mattei, Giorgio; Mancini, Stefano; Alboni, Silvia; Roncucci, Luca; Sena, Paola; Mariani, Francesco; Marchi, Mattia; Fabbrizi, Andrea; Feltri, L.; Visentini, Chiara; Pollutri, Gabriella; Artoni, Cecilia; Saraceni, Serena; Galli, Giacomo; Spiga, Giulia; Minarini, Alessandro; Perrone, Daniela; Galletti, Martina; Giambalvo, Nina; Montardi, Giulia; Galeazzi, Gian Maria; Ferrari, Silvia. - In: EUROPEAN PSYCHIATRY. - ISSN 0924-9338. - 41:(2017), pp. S318-S318. [10.1016/j.eurpsy.2017.02.235]
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