Introduction Anxiety disorders and Cardiovascular (CV) diseases, among the most common disorders in Western World, are often comorbid. A chronic systemic inflammatory state might be a shared underlining pathophysiological mechanism. Aims To investigate the association between anxiety symptoms, CV risks factors and inflammatory markers in an outpatient sample. Methods Cross-sectional study. Inclusion criteria: outpatients aged ≥40 years, attending colonoscopy after positive faecal occult blood test, negative medical history for cancer. Collected data: blood pressure, glycaemia, lipid profile, waist circumference, BMI, PCR (C Reactive Protein), LPS (bacterial Lipopolysaccharide). Psychometric tests: HADS, TCI, IMSA, SF36. Statistical analysis performed with STATA13. Results Fifty four patients enrolled (27 males, 27 females). Sixteen patients (30.19%) were positive for anxiety symptoms. Thirty-three patients (61.11%) had hypertension, 14 (25.93%) hyperglycaemia and 64.81% were overweight, with frank obesity (BMI≥ 30) in 11 subjects (20.37%). Anxiety symptoms were associated with low hematic HDL values (OR = 0.01; P = 0.01) and high concentration of triglycerides (OR = 0.023; P = 0.02) at the multiple regression model. At the univariate logistic analysis, anxiety was associated with LPS (OR = 1.06; P = 0.04). Conclusions Further evidence over the epidemiological link between common mental disorders and CV diseases was collected, with possible hints on pathophysiology and causative mechanisms related to inflammation. The importance of screening for anxiety and depression in medical populations is confirmed. Suggestions on future availability of screening tools based on inflammatory-related indicators should be the focus of future research.

Cardiovascular risk factors, anxiety symptoms and inflammation markers: Evidence of association from a cross-sectional study / Rioli, Giulia; Tassi, S.; Mattei, Giorgio; Alboni, Silvia; Mancini, Stefano; Artoni, Cecilia; Galletti, Martina; Giambalvo, Nina; Galli, Giacomo; Marchi, Mattia; Minarini, Alessandro; Montardi, Giulia; Perrone, Daniela; Pollutri, Gabriella; Roncucci, Luca; Saraceni, Serena; Spiga, Giulia; Visentini, Chiara; Galeazzi, Gian Maria; Ferrari, Silvia. - In: EUROPEAN PSYCHIATRY. - ISSN 0924-9338. - 41:(2017), pp. S503-S503. [10.1016/j.eurpsy.2017.01.635]

Cardiovascular risk factors, anxiety symptoms and inflammation markers: Evidence of association from a cross-sectional study

RIOLI, GIULIA;Mattei, Giorgio;ALBONI, Silvia;MANCINI, Stefano;Artoni, Cecilia;GALLETTI, MARTINA;GIAMBALVO, NINA;Galli, Giacomo;MARCHI, MATTIA;MINARINI, ALESSANDRO;MONTARDI, GIULIA;PERRONE, DANIELA;Pollutri, Gabriella;RONCUCCI, Luca;SARACENI, SERENA;Spiga, Giulia;VISENTINI, CHIARA;GALEAZZI, Gian Maria;FERRARI, Silvia
2017

Abstract

Introduction Anxiety disorders and Cardiovascular (CV) diseases, among the most common disorders in Western World, are often comorbid. A chronic systemic inflammatory state might be a shared underlining pathophysiological mechanism. Aims To investigate the association between anxiety symptoms, CV risks factors and inflammatory markers in an outpatient sample. Methods Cross-sectional study. Inclusion criteria: outpatients aged ≥40 years, attending colonoscopy after positive faecal occult blood test, negative medical history for cancer. Collected data: blood pressure, glycaemia, lipid profile, waist circumference, BMI, PCR (C Reactive Protein), LPS (bacterial Lipopolysaccharide). Psychometric tests: HADS, TCI, IMSA, SF36. Statistical analysis performed with STATA13. Results Fifty four patients enrolled (27 males, 27 females). Sixteen patients (30.19%) were positive for anxiety symptoms. Thirty-three patients (61.11%) had hypertension, 14 (25.93%) hyperglycaemia and 64.81% were overweight, with frank obesity (BMI≥ 30) in 11 subjects (20.37%). Anxiety symptoms were associated with low hematic HDL values (OR = 0.01; P = 0.01) and high concentration of triglycerides (OR = 0.023; P = 0.02) at the multiple regression model. At the univariate logistic analysis, anxiety was associated with LPS (OR = 1.06; P = 0.04). Conclusions Further evidence over the epidemiological link between common mental disorders and CV diseases was collected, with possible hints on pathophysiology and causative mechanisms related to inflammation. The importance of screening for anxiety and depression in medical populations is confirmed. Suggestions on future availability of screening tools based on inflammatory-related indicators should be the focus of future research.
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S503
S503
Rioli, Giulia; Tassi, S.; Mattei, Giorgio; Alboni, Silvia; Mancini, Stefano; Artoni, Cecilia; Galletti, Martina; Giambalvo, Nina; Galli, Giacomo; Marchi, Mattia; Minarini, Alessandro; Montardi, Giulia; Perrone, Daniela; Pollutri, Gabriella; Roncucci, Luca; Saraceni, Serena; Spiga, Giulia; Visentini, Chiara; Galeazzi, Gian Maria; Ferrari, Silvia
Cardiovascular risk factors, anxiety symptoms and inflammation markers: Evidence of association from a cross-sectional study / Rioli, Giulia; Tassi, S.; Mattei, Giorgio; Alboni, Silvia; Mancini, Stefano; Artoni, Cecilia; Galletti, Martina; Giambalvo, Nina; Galli, Giacomo; Marchi, Mattia; Minarini, Alessandro; Montardi, Giulia; Perrone, Daniela; Pollutri, Gabriella; Roncucci, Luca; Saraceni, Serena; Spiga, Giulia; Visentini, Chiara; Galeazzi, Gian Maria; Ferrari, Silvia. - In: EUROPEAN PSYCHIATRY. - ISSN 0924-9338. - 41:(2017), pp. S503-S503. [10.1016/j.eurpsy.2017.01.635]
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