Background Radial head fractures make up approximately 3% of all fractures and they are the most common elbow fracture in adults. Replacement through arthroplasty is the recommended treatment in the context of unstable elbow injury and comminuted radial head fracture. The midterm clinical, functional, and radiographic results in patients treated with anatomic radial head arthroplasty for a Mason type III radial head fracture are presented. Material and methods We performed a retrospective search of our facility's prospective trauma database to identify all skeletally mature patients who were treated by primary radial head replacement or open reduction and internal fixation following an acute radial head fracture. Inclusion criteria were Mason type III fractures and anatomic radial head arthroplasty (RHA). All the patients included were evaluated using a standard postoperative protocol including clinical and radiographic evaluation at 1, 3 and 12 months of follow-up. All the patients were reviewed clinically at an average of 30 months’ follow-up. Results Forty-one subjects (32 Mason type III and 9 Mason IV fractures) were treated with anatomic RHA (Acumed, Hillsboro, OR, USA). Of these, two patients (1 Mason type III and 1 Mason type IV) were excluded from the analysis because severe cognitive impairment. Moreover, we decided to exclude the subjects with a Mason type IV fracture to obtain a more homogeneous sample. Therefore, 31 patients with a Mason type III fracture were included in this study. Based on the Mayo Elbow Performance Score, excellent results were obtained in 24 (77%) patients, good in 3 (10%) and fair in 4 (13%) patients. Heterotopic ossification was reported in 8 patients (26% of cases). The final elbow flexion-extension range of motion was of 112°, with a mean flexion of 125°. The final forearm rotational range of motion was 134° with a mean pronation of 68° and a mean supination of 66°. Discussion Anatomic radial head replacement leads to a good functional recovery, even in the presence of severe instability, such as coronoid fractures and LUCL injury. However, patients should be informed of the high number of adverse events (mainly heterotopic ossification) following this treatment. Level of evidence Therapeutic IV.

Mason type III radial head fractures treated by anatomic radial head arthroplasty: Is this a safe treatment option? / Tarallo, Luigi; Mugnai, Raffaele; Rocchi, M.; Capra, F.; Catani, Fabio. - In: ORTHOPAEDICS & TRAUMATOLOGY: SURGERY & RESEARCH. - ISSN 1877-0568. - 103:2(2017), pp. 183-189. [10.1016/j.otsr.2016.10.017]

Mason type III radial head fractures treated by anatomic radial head arthroplasty: Is this a safe treatment option?

TARALLO, Luigi;Mugnai, Raffaele;CATANI, Fabio
2017

Abstract

Background Radial head fractures make up approximately 3% of all fractures and they are the most common elbow fracture in adults. Replacement through arthroplasty is the recommended treatment in the context of unstable elbow injury and comminuted radial head fracture. The midterm clinical, functional, and radiographic results in patients treated with anatomic radial head arthroplasty for a Mason type III radial head fracture are presented. Material and methods We performed a retrospective search of our facility's prospective trauma database to identify all skeletally mature patients who were treated by primary radial head replacement or open reduction and internal fixation following an acute radial head fracture. Inclusion criteria were Mason type III fractures and anatomic radial head arthroplasty (RHA). All the patients included were evaluated using a standard postoperative protocol including clinical and radiographic evaluation at 1, 3 and 12 months of follow-up. All the patients were reviewed clinically at an average of 30 months’ follow-up. Results Forty-one subjects (32 Mason type III and 9 Mason IV fractures) were treated with anatomic RHA (Acumed, Hillsboro, OR, USA). Of these, two patients (1 Mason type III and 1 Mason type IV) were excluded from the analysis because severe cognitive impairment. Moreover, we decided to exclude the subjects with a Mason type IV fracture to obtain a more homogeneous sample. Therefore, 31 patients with a Mason type III fracture were included in this study. Based on the Mayo Elbow Performance Score, excellent results were obtained in 24 (77%) patients, good in 3 (10%) and fair in 4 (13%) patients. Heterotopic ossification was reported in 8 patients (26% of cases). The final elbow flexion-extension range of motion was of 112°, with a mean flexion of 125°. The final forearm rotational range of motion was 134° with a mean pronation of 68° and a mean supination of 66°. Discussion Anatomic radial head replacement leads to a good functional recovery, even in the presence of severe instability, such as coronoid fractures and LUCL injury. However, patients should be informed of the high number of adverse events (mainly heterotopic ossification) following this treatment. Level of evidence Therapeutic IV.
2017
8-dic-2016
103
2
183
189
Mason type III radial head fractures treated by anatomic radial head arthroplasty: Is this a safe treatment option? / Tarallo, Luigi; Mugnai, Raffaele; Rocchi, M.; Capra, F.; Catani, Fabio. - In: ORTHOPAEDICS & TRAUMATOLOGY: SURGERY & RESEARCH. - ISSN 1877-0568. - 103:2(2017), pp. 183-189. [10.1016/j.otsr.2016.10.017]
Tarallo, Luigi; Mugnai, Raffaele; Rocchi, M.; Capra, F.; Catani, Fabio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1138769
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