Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is a physical marvel in which electromagnetic radiation is charged and discharged by nuclei in a magnetic field. In conventional NMR, the specific nuclei resonance frequency depends on the strength of the magnetic field and the magnetic properties of the isotope of the atoms. NMR is routinely utilized in clinical tests by converting nuclear spectroscopy in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and providing 3D, noninvasive biological imaging. While this technique has revolutionized biomedical science, measuring the magnetic resonance spectrum of single biomolecules is still an intangible aspiration, due to MRI resolution being limited to tens of micrometers. MRI and NMR have, however, recently greatly advanced, with many breakthroughs in nano-NMR and nano-MRI spurred by using spin sensors based on an atomic impurities in diamond. These techniques rely on magnetic dipole-dipole interactions rather than inductive detection. Here, novel nano-MRI methods based on nitrogen vacancy centers in diamond are highlighted, that provide a solution to the imaging of single biomolecules with nanoscale resolution in-vivo and in ambient conditions. Recent measurements with near surface NV centers in diamonds have allowed high resolution nano-MRI in ambient conditions. This brings us closer to the visualization of the full 3D morphology of biomolecules. The image shows a confocal modality to sense a small ensemble of nuclear spins at nanometric distance from an NV center sensor.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Titolo:||Towards Single Biomolecule Imaging via Optical Nanoscale Magnetic Resonance Imaging|
|Autori:||Boretti, A.; Rosa, L; Castelletto, S.|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/smll.201500764|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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