Several controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) protocols have been developed to increase the yield of mature oocytes retrieved in assisted reproductive techniques (ARTs). The ovarian reserve (OR) influences the COS response, and it represents the main parameter that helps clinicians in refining clinical treatments in the perspective of a "personalized" ART. This approach is even more needed in particular conditions such as poor OR or polycystic ovary syndrome. Follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, and human chorionic gonadotropin are currently used in COS at different combinations and with different efficacies, even if the best approach definition is controversial. Differences in individual-specific ovarian response to gonadotropin stimulation can be due to alterations of genes encoding for hormones or their receptors. In particular, FSHB c.-211G>T, FSHR p.Asn680Ser, and c.-29G>A SNP allelic combinations may be used as OR and COS response markers. The purpose of this review is to highlight the evidence-based relevance of mutations and polymorphisms in gonadotropins and their receptor genes as predictive markers of OR and COS response to achieve fine-tuned therapeutic regimens.

Genetics of gonadotropins and their receptors as markers of ovarian reserve and response in controlled ovarian stimulation / Riccetti, Laura; Pascali, Francesco De; Gilioli, Lisa; Santi, Daniele; Brigante, Giulia; Simoni, Manuela; Casarini, Livio. - In: BAILLIERE'S BEST PRACTICE & RESEARCH. CLINICAL OBSTETRICS & GYNAECOLOGY. - ISSN 1521-6934. - (2017), pp. 15-25. [10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2017.04.002]

Genetics of gonadotropins and their receptors as markers of ovarian reserve and response in controlled ovarian stimulation

RICCETTI, LAURA;SANTI, Daniele;BRIGANTE, Giulia;SIMONI, Manuela;CASARINI, Livio
2017

Abstract

Several controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) protocols have been developed to increase the yield of mature oocytes retrieved in assisted reproductive techniques (ARTs). The ovarian reserve (OR) influences the COS response, and it represents the main parameter that helps clinicians in refining clinical treatments in the perspective of a "personalized" ART. This approach is even more needed in particular conditions such as poor OR or polycystic ovary syndrome. Follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, and human chorionic gonadotropin are currently used in COS at different combinations and with different efficacies, even if the best approach definition is controversial. Differences in individual-specific ovarian response to gonadotropin stimulation can be due to alterations of genes encoding for hormones or their receptors. In particular, FSHB c.-211G>T, FSHR p.Asn680Ser, and c.-29G>A SNP allelic combinations may be used as OR and COS response markers. The purpose of this review is to highlight the evidence-based relevance of mutations and polymorphisms in gonadotropins and their receptor genes as predictive markers of OR and COS response to achieve fine-tuned therapeutic regimens.
17-apr-2017
15
25
Genetics of gonadotropins and their receptors as markers of ovarian reserve and response in controlled ovarian stimulation / Riccetti, Laura; Pascali, Francesco De; Gilioli, Lisa; Santi, Daniele; Brigante, Giulia; Simoni, Manuela; Casarini, Livio. - In: BAILLIERE'S BEST PRACTICE & RESEARCH. CLINICAL OBSTETRICS & GYNAECOLOGY. - ISSN 1521-6934. - (2017), pp. 15-25. [10.1016/j.bpobgyn.2017.04.002]
Riccetti, Laura; Pascali, Francesco De; Gilioli, Lisa; Santi, Daniele; Brigante, Giulia; Simoni, Manuela; Casarini, Livio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11380/1137491
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