iospyros lotus L. is an arboreal species native to the Balkans and Caucasus and ranging to the Far East. In Italy, it has been cultivated for centuries and has reverted to the wild state in some regions. During archaeological excavations carried out in the historical center of Modena (northern Italy), two floral calyxes of D. lotus were discovered in a layer dating from the first century ce. These are the first and only remains of D. lotus found in an archaeological context in Italy thus far. The first historical mention of this species as an arboreal plant in Italy occurs in the 1565 edition of Dioscorides’ Commentarii de Medica materia by Pietro Andrea Mattioli. Our research allowed us to establish that the first three Italian herbaria containing samples of D. lotus, dating to the 1551–1570 period, are the Erbario B of the Biblioteca Angelica of Rome, the Erbario Aldrovandi (Bologna) and the Erbario Cesalpino (Florence). However, archaeobotanical remains reveal that the fruits of this species were known during the Roman period, probably arriving in northern Italy as a luxury food owing to their exceptional flavor.

On the Trail of Date-Plum (Diospyros lotus L.) in Italy and Its First Archaeobotanical Evidence / Bosi, Giovanna; Herchenbach, Michael; Buldrini, Fabrizio; Rinaldi, Rossella; Mazzanti, Marta. - In: ECONOMIC BOTANY. - ISSN 0013-0001. - (2017), pp. 1-14. [10.1007/s12231-017-9377-z]

On the Trail of Date-Plum (Diospyros lotus L.) in Italy and Its First Archaeobotanical Evidence

BOSI, Giovanna;BULDRINI, Fabrizio;RINALDI, ROSSELLA;MAZZANTI, Marta
2017

Abstract

iospyros lotus L. is an arboreal species native to the Balkans and Caucasus and ranging to the Far East. In Italy, it has been cultivated for centuries and has reverted to the wild state in some regions. During archaeological excavations carried out in the historical center of Modena (northern Italy), two floral calyxes of D. lotus were discovered in a layer dating from the first century ce. These are the first and only remains of D. lotus found in an archaeological context in Italy thus far. The first historical mention of this species as an arboreal plant in Italy occurs in the 1565 edition of Dioscorides’ Commentarii de Medica materia by Pietro Andrea Mattioli. Our research allowed us to establish that the first three Italian herbaria containing samples of D. lotus, dating to the 1551–1570 period, are the Erbario B of the Biblioteca Angelica of Rome, the Erbario Aldrovandi (Bologna) and the Erbario Cesalpino (Florence). However, archaeobotanical remains reveal that the fruits of this species were known during the Roman period, probably arriving in northern Italy as a luxury food owing to their exceptional flavor.
2017
1-mag-2017
1
14
On the Trail of Date-Plum (Diospyros lotus L.) in Italy and Its First Archaeobotanical Evidence / Bosi, Giovanna; Herchenbach, Michael; Buldrini, Fabrizio; Rinaldi, Rossella; Mazzanti, Marta. - In: ECONOMIC BOTANY. - ISSN 0013-0001. - (2017), pp. 1-14. [10.1007/s12231-017-9377-z]
Bosi, Giovanna; Herchenbach, Michael; Buldrini, Fabrizio; Rinaldi, Rossella; Mazzanti, Marta
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1136536
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