A detailed microstructural, geochemical and geochronological study was performed on zircon grains from plagioclase-rich dioritic dykes discordantly intruded within meta-diorites/gabbros forming the External Gabbro unit of the Finero Mafic Complex (Italian Alps). This unit is exposed as part of a near complete crustal section spanning from mantle rocks to upper crustal metasediments (Val Cannobina, Ivrea–Verbano Zone, Italy). The leucocratic dykes consist mainly of plagioclase (An18–24Ab79–82Or0.3–0.7) with subordinate amounts of biotite and spinel defining melanocratic layers. Zircon and corundum are common accessory phases. Both the dykes and the surrounding meta-diorites/gabbros show evidence of ductile deformation under amphibolite-facies conditions. Zircon grains/fragments (up to 2 mm in length) occur as porphyroclasts surrounded by fine-grained plagioclase within the leucocratic domains and may occur within the melanocratic layers completely or partially surrounded by biotite and spinels. Fractures are common within zircon, define networks and have associated displacements occasionally and/or they can be filled by secondary minerals. Cathodoluminescence (CL) images reveal that zircon grains from the leucocratic layers show relicts of primary magmatic (i.e. oscillatory and or sector) zoning generally related with the crystal shapes or crystallographic orientation, whereas those from the melanocratic domains do not. In both cases, zircon shows secondary CL features, i.e. mosaic-like textures, due to deformation. EBSD maps confirmed a profuse mosaic texture, resulting in an internal misorientation of ca. 10°, generally associated with fractures. Locally, zircon shows clear evidence of crystal-plastic deformation at the edges, with a gradual misorientations of up to 12°, suggesting an origin prior fragmentation. Trace elements and U–Pb analyses were carried out by LA-ICP-MS directly on petrographic thin sections. Such in situ investigations revealed a strong correlation between internal zircon structures, chemistry, U–Pb isotope ratios and mylonitic fabric. U–Pb data return highly discordant and variable ages. The 206Pb/238U ages may range from ca. 297 to 198 Ma within the same zircon grain from the leucocratic layers,whereas 206Pb/238U younger than 250Mawere systematically obtained from zircon within the melanocratic layers. The 206Pb/238U data younger than ca. 240 Ma from zircon grains within the leucocratic layers were obtained from narrow axial stripes observed in CL images and oriented parallel or at low-anglewith respect to the foliation planes. These stripes are characterized by an overall HREE, Y, U and Th enrichment possibly reflecting deformation of the grain in presence of interstitial fluid phases. Combining U–Pb data, microstructure and zircon CL features, we suggest a multistage evolution of the dykes whereby the melanocratic layers are the result of a Late Permian metasomatic event promoting modification of the pre-existing mineral assemblage of the (Late Carboniferous–Early Permian?) dykes and deformation and partial resetting of zircon porphyroclasts. This has important implications in the geology of the Ivrea–Verbano Zone because, having the dyke intruded the External Gabbro unit before Triassic (probably during Carboniferous–Permian), the latter cannot be considered a Triassic intrusion. At least part of the External Gabbro unit is Carboniferous–Permian as the other mafic bodies of the Ivrea–Verbano Zone.
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|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Titolo:||Ductile–brittle deformation effects on crystal-chemistry and U–Pb ages of magmatic and metasomatic zircons from a dyke of the Finero Mafic Complex (Ivrea–Verbano Zone, Italian Alps)|
|Autori:||Langone, Antonio; Padrón-Navarta José, Alberto; Ji, Wei-Qiang; Zanetti, Alberto; Mazzucchelli, Maurizio; Tiepolo, Massimo; Giovanardi, Tommaso; Bonazzi, Mattia|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.lithos.2017.04.020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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