Objective: Increased activity of PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway has been observed in a huge number of malignancies. This pathway can function as a prosurvival factor in leukemia stem cells and early committed leukemic precursors and its inhibition is regarded as a therapeutic approach. Accordingly, the aim of this review is to evaluate the PI3K/Akt/mTOR inhibitors used in leukemia models. Discussion: Inhibition of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway has been reported to have beneficial therapeutic effects in leukemias, both in vitro in leukemia cell lines and in vivo in animal models. Overall, the use of dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitor, dual Akt/RTK inhibitor, Akt inhibitor, selective inhibitor of PI3K, mTOR inhibitor and dual PI3K/PDK1 inhibitor in CML, AML, APL, CLL, B-ALL and T-ALL has a better therapeutic effect than conventional treatments. Conclusions: Targeting the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway may have pro-apoptotic and antiproliferative effects on hematological malignancies. Furthermore, modulation of miRNA can be used as a novel therapeutic approach to regulate the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway. However, both aspects require further clinical studies.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Titolo:||Targeting PI3K/AKT/mTOR network for treatment of leukemia|
|Autori:||Bertacchini, Jessika; Heidari, Nazanin; Mediani, Laura; Capitani, Silvano; Shahjahani, Mohammad; Ahmadzadeh, Ahmad; Saki, Najmaldin|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s00018-015-1867-5|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Articolo su rivista|
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