We demonstrated the presence of an in vitro transmissible cytotoxic agent (TCA) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with different acute neurological diseases. The nature of this agent is still a matter of study since repeated attempts have failed to identify it as a conventional infectious agent. Here, we describe the mechanisms through which TCA affects human astrocytes, demonstrating:a late apoptotic process, mediated by caspases 9 and 3 activation, involving the Bcl2-Bak-axis;an early and late p38 MAPK activation;an interference with the IL-8 and MCP-1 secretory response. These in vitro data provide initial evidence of TCA involvement as a pro-apoptotic and pro-inflammatory signal, directly affecting astrocytic behavior. The implications of these findings in certain neurological diseases will be discussed.

Apoptosis and inflammatory response in human astrocytes are induced by a transmissible cytotoxic agent of neurological origin / Beretti, Francesca; Ardizzoni, Andrea; Cermelli, Claudio; Guida, Marianna; Maraldi, Tullia; Pietrosemoli, P; Paulone, Simona; De Pol, Anto; Blasi, Elisabetta; Portolani, Marinella. - In: NEW MICROBIOLOGICA. - ISSN 1121-7138. - 40:1(2017), pp. 27-32.

Apoptosis and inflammatory response in human astrocytes are induced by a transmissible cytotoxic agent of neurological origin

BERETTI, Francesca;ARDIZZONI, Andrea;CERMELLI, Claudio;GUIDA, Marianna;MARALDI, Tullia;PAULONE, SIMONA;DE POL, Anto;BLASI, Elisabetta;PORTOLANI, Marinella
2017

Abstract

We demonstrated the presence of an in vitro transmissible cytotoxic agent (TCA) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with different acute neurological diseases. The nature of this agent is still a matter of study since repeated attempts have failed to identify it as a conventional infectious agent. Here, we describe the mechanisms through which TCA affects human astrocytes, demonstrating:a late apoptotic process, mediated by caspases 9 and 3 activation, involving the Bcl2-Bak-axis;an early and late p38 MAPK activation;an interference with the IL-8 and MCP-1 secretory response. These in vitro data provide initial evidence of TCA involvement as a pro-apoptotic and pro-inflammatory signal, directly affecting astrocytic behavior. The implications of these findings in certain neurological diseases will be discussed.
7-nov-2016
40
1
27
32
Apoptosis and inflammatory response in human astrocytes are induced by a transmissible cytotoxic agent of neurological origin / Beretti, Francesca; Ardizzoni, Andrea; Cermelli, Claudio; Guida, Marianna; Maraldi, Tullia; Pietrosemoli, P; Paulone, Simona; De Pol, Anto; Blasi, Elisabetta; Portolani, Marinella. - In: NEW MICROBIOLOGICA. - ISSN 1121-7138. - 40:1(2017), pp. 27-32.
Beretti, Francesca; Ardizzoni, Andrea; Cermelli, Claudio; Guida, Marianna; Maraldi, Tullia; Pietrosemoli, P; Paulone, Simona; De Pol, Anto; Blasi, Elisabetta; Portolani, Marinella
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11380/1133558
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